Section C Definitions

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Chicago school
Park, Burgess and Wirth. The first sociology department in the US 1892 @ universtiy of chicago. They established an approach to study urban areas. Limited application but influential today -CBD.
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Invasion and succession
Concept adapted from ecology in Burgess growth of the city model. Idea of survival of the fittest. Urban expansion is dependent on out migration of low income groups. One group replaces another in a neighbourhood.
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Modernity
Broad term. Used to periodize European countries when they break free with the past. Also political modernity in revolution e.g. emancipation of slaves.
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Modernization
Conflated with development and westernisation, transformation of countries incorporating capitalism.
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Urbanism
Wirth (1938) describes it as the typical way of life people live in a city or town
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Gentrification
Upward class transformation of an area. Middle class settlement in redeveloped inner city districts formerly occupied by lower class.
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Urbanization
Increasing participation in urban ways of life.
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Home
A place which incorporates our everyday actions. Domestic style of living alongside belonging to the wider world.
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Private and public spheres
Boundaries between households, market economies, state and political participation. Bourgeois public sphere acted as counterweight to the state.Public sphere is a democratic ideal we strive towards through public space.
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Public space
Space to which all citizens have a right of access
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Commodity
Useful, enters the market available for purchase. Has a use and exchange value. A bundle of social relations. The commodities we consume identify us.
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Disneyfication
Where a place becomes marketed as a tourist destination through standardised landscap. e.g. main street disney mimics reality but is not real
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Simulacrum
A copy without an original - disneyfication - mythic idea of a small town community hub with no part in reality. Need to be sceptical.
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Image
A representation of an external form. need to be sceptical.
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Spectacle
Any display presented for visual consumption. Large scale = cultural events/festival/celebration/urbanscape. Spectacle is a social relationship.
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Card 2

Front

Concept adapted from ecology in Burgess growth of the city model. Idea of survival of the fittest. Urban expansion is dependent on out migration of low income groups. One group replaces another in a neighbourhood.

Back

Invasion and succession

Card 3

Front

Broad term. Used to periodize European countries when they break free with the past. Also political modernity in revolution e.g. emancipation of slaves.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Conflated with development and westernisation, transformation of countries incorporating capitalism.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Wirth (1938) describes it as the typical way of life people live in a city or town

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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