-Section 1 - why did war break out? international rivarlry 1900-4

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  • Created by: Abi14
  • Created on: 08-03-14 11:44
what did Germany want?
'a plcae in the sun' its own empie, more influence and power
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what did France want?
to defend itself from germany and protect ts colonies
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what did britain want?
to stay number one in te world, protect its empire and to keep its naval advantage
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what did Austria-Hungary want?
to take advanatage of the decline of the Ottoman Empire while keeping a strong grip on its own empire.
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what happened in1871?
Germany lead by Bismark defeated France.
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what happened in 1879? (alliances)
Germany signed triple alliance with Austria Hungary. they each agreed to support the other if attacked by Russia or by Russia and another power but would remain neutral if the other was attacked by a power other than russia. known as CENTRAL POWERS
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What happened in 1882? (alliances)
TRIPLE ALLIANCE with Italy, annoyed at the French expansion-North Africa.Agreed Germany/Italy would aid the other if attacked by France. if one alliance was attacked by two or more powers,they would aid them.not apply to Bitain-italy scared navy
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what happened in 1887? (alliances)
Germany signed an alliance with Rusia
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what haooened in 1894? (alliances)
russia and france signed Dual Entente after Germany failed to renew its Russian alliance both felt isolated in europe, Russia needed loans from France and French wanted ally against Germany. agreed to help if attacked by Austri-hungary of Germany.
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what hapened n 1904? (alliances)
Britain and France agreed Entente Cordiale - settled differences between 2 countries - egypt and Morocco . Moroccan crisies made closer and made into alliance in all but name.
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what happened in 1907? (allianaces)
Britain, France and Russia sighed Triple Entente. the Anglo-Russian entente settled differences between the two powers in the middle and far east.
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what was the importance of the Alliance system?
it created 2 armed camps in Europe * a dispute between 1 from each could result in invloved other memebers - turn into conflict - major war beween all six *France and Britain began to plan how to fight future war with Germany.
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what did the triple alliance have?
*conscription - Large land armies *dreadnoughts - Germany expanding navy * Empires - Austria-Hungary in Europe, German and Italy in Africa * Industrial production - Germany rapidly increasing
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what did the triple entente have?
*Large land armies - Frnace and Russia but not Britiain * dreadnoughts - British navy biggest in the world *empires - British Empire biggest in the world *Industrial production - Britian losing groud to Germany.
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what were the economic reasons why there was increase rivalry between the great powers?
Britiain world super power in19th and by the end of century still hadd largest economy in the world,domnated world trade *1914 German industry produing more IRON & STEEL tha Britain-more advance in new indusry-CHEMICALS & CARS *britain world trade
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what were the imperial reasons why there was increase rivalry between the great powers?
rivalry for biggest empire for increeased trde- colonies cheap raw materails. *Scramble for Africa - Germany and Italy wanted - britain and france already got. *Germany - Place in the sun- strenghten as a world power - WELTPOLITIK
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what were the military reasons why there was increase rivalry between the great powers?
arms race- germany increased spending by 340% and Russia bu 260%. every major power except britian conscription *NAVAL RIVALRY -tension - britian & Germany * each country over confident would win conflict - more willing to test there weapons.
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Card 2

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what did France want?

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to defend itself from germany and protect ts colonies

Card 3

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what did britain want?

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Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

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what did Austria-Hungary want?

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Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

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what happened in1871?

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Preview of the front of card 5
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