Second Reich II

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Why did the traditional elites influence policy?
Through their money, and political and aristocratic connections
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Give three examples of pressure groups used by the elites to exert influence?
The Association of German Industrialists, the Agrarian League and the Navy League
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How did industrialists profit from the naval laws passed?
They received huge orders and profits
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How did the Association of German Industrialists attempt to influence the 1912 election?
By funding 120 Conservative and Liberal candidates at a cost of 1M marks, stacking the political odds in their favour
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What % of the population lived in urban areas
60
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Why that constituent boundaries never changed despite urbanisation because of the elite influence?
They never changed to reflect large urban populations damaging parties such as the SPD who the elites would have opposed
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What contributed to the compressing of political life into large and largely immobile ideological blocs?
Increasingly politicised movements in the extraparliamentary sphere
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Define parliamentary democracy
Democratic form of government in which the parties (or parties) with the greatest representation in parliament forms the government, its leader becoming chancellor
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The relative prosperity of the German national economy is reflected in what?
The fact that the additional millions of people produced by the population explosion were overwhelmingly absorbed by the labour marked without a decline in living standards
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Define Industriestaat
A nation defined by its industrial base
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By 1910 the top 10% of the Prussian population owned what % of all personal assets?
63%
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By the turn of the century, the % of income workers spent of food and drink had decreased to?
40-5%
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What did the Zabern incident reveal?
That behind the facade of civilian government, the Prussian military state still stood ready to assert its power
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Why was it significant that the Chancellor (as appointed by the Kaiser) could not rely upon majority backing in the Reichstag?
Without a reliable majority a particular bill could not pass into law, meaning he constantly needed to keep parties on his side during legislative sessions
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What was Manfred Rauh's hypothesis?
That toward 1914 the Reichstag emerged as a major centre of gravity, powerful enough to propel a 'parliamentarisation' of Prusso-German constitutionalism
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Explain the 1902 Tariff Law
The Tariff Law restored a higher duty on imported agricultural products, resulting in higher food prices - it was a sign of the influence of the Agrarian League
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Explain the Daily Telegraph Affair, 1908?
The Kaiser gave an interview to a British newspaper making what was considered an important statement on foreign policy, the Reichstag objected to this and he was roundly criticised, but the Reichstag dropped the issue
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Card 2

Front

Give three examples of pressure groups used by the elites to exert influence?

Back

The Association of German Industrialists, the Agrarian League and the Navy League

Card 3

Front

How did industrialists profit from the naval laws passed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How did the Association of German Industrialists attempt to influence the 1912 election?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What % of the population lived in urban areas

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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