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6. Who said religion is the opium of the masses?

  • Malinowski
  • Walby
  • Marx
  • Maduro

7. Who talks about the age bias of congregations?

  • Davie
  • Pryce
  • Brierley
  • Miller and Hoffman

8. Who's study in Bristol looked at Pentecostalists and their transition into England?

  • Pryce
  • Davie
  • Bruce
  • Modood

9. Who talks about spiritual shopping, pilgrims and converts?

  • Stark and Bainbridge
  • Berger and Luckmann
  • Herveui-Leger
  • Marx

10. Who said a sect's prescription for salvation is a factor in determining whether or not it becomes a denomination?

  • Wallis
  • Barker
  • Wilson
  • Stark and Bainbridge

11. Who talks about religion as ideological thought and utopian thought?

  • Grace Davie
  • Marx
  • Mannheim
  • S & B

12. Who did a comparative study to look at the 'Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism'?

  • Weber
  • Popper
  • Nelson
  • McGuire

13. Who talks about civil religion?

  • Bellah
  • Durkheim
  • Malinowski
  • Marx

14. Who identified 4 factors which determined social change?

  • McGuire
  • Popper
  • Nelson
  • Weber

15. Who talks about the CUDOS norms?

  • Kuhn
  • Popper
  • Merton
  • Polanyi

16. Who talks about the Protestant Ethic and Spirit of Capitalism?

  • Weber
  • Wilson
  • Bruce
  • Popper

17. Who said central features of the New Age are self spirituality and de-traditionalisation?

  • Heelas
  • Wallis
  • S & B
  • Wilson

18. Who said religion has relative autonomy from the economic substructure?

  • Malinowski
  • Woodhead
  • Maduro
  • Marx

19. Who uses cultural defence and cultural transition to explain greater religiosity among ethnic groups?

  • S & B
  • Pryce
  • Bruce
  • Heelas

20. Who said religion is an instrument of deception?

  • Woodhead
  • Walby
  • De Beaviour
  • El Sadaawi