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6. Who talks about spiritual shopping, pilgrims and converts?

  • Herveui-Leger
  • Stark and Bainbridge
  • Berger and Luckmann
  • Marx

7. Who said women are more religious due to their close relation to birth and death?

  • Woodhead
  • Davie
  • Bruce
  • Modood

8. Who said religion is the opium of the masses?

  • Malinowski
  • Marx
  • Maduro
  • Walby

9. Who said there was a decline in importance of religion for ethnic minorities?

  • Modood
  • Davie
  • Bruce
  • Pryce

10. Who claimed that sects are short lived due to 3 factors?

  • Davie
  • Niebuhr
  • Marx
  • Wallis

11. Who refers to the ruling class ideological domination of society as hegemony?

  • Gramsci
  • Marx
  • Malinowski
  • Parsons

12. Who uses cultural defence and cultural transition to explain greater religiosity among ethnic groups?

  • S & B
  • Bruce
  • Heelas
  • Pryce

13. Who carried out a study using Triangulation to look at the Moonies?

  • Barker
  • Wallis
  • S & B
  • Niebuhr

14. Who talks about the invalidity of high church attendance in the Victorian Era?

  • Parsons
  • Hamilton
  • Martin
  • Hadden and Stark

15. Who said religion is an instrument of deception?

  • El Sadaawi
  • De Beaviour
  • Walby
  • Woodhead

16. Who talks about the ageing effect and the generational effect?

  • Brierley
  • Voas and Crockett
  • Pryce
  • Miller and Hoffman

17. Who talks about the Protestant Ethic and Spirit of Capitalism?

  • Weber
  • Popper
  • Wilson
  • Bruce

18. Who claims that developing countries and poor people in rich countries are more religious due to existential security?

  • Norris and Inglehart
  • Gill and Lundegaarde
  • Stark and Bainbridge
  • Lyon

19. Who talks about paradigms in science?

  • Kuhn
  • Merton
  • Polanyi
  • Popper

20. Who said women are more religious because they are more time and are socialised to be more passive and caring?

  • Bruce
  • Pryce
  • Miller and Hoffman
  • Davie