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6. Who said that religion maintains social order by helping people make sense of things?

  • Parsons
  • Durkheim
  • Marx
  • Polanyi

7. Who argues that a more a country spends on welfare, the lower its levels of religious participation?

  • Stark and Bainbridge
  • Gill and Lundegaarde
  • Malinowski
  • Lyon

8. Who said that religion promotes social solidarity by helping people deal with emotional stress?

  • Malinowski
  • Parsons
  • Marx
  • Durkheim

9. Who said the growth of NRMs indicate a religious revival?

  • Parsons
  • Bruce
  • Greeley
  • Hamilton

10. Who said there is a "steady and unremitting decline" in religion?

  • Bruce
  • Hamilton
  • Parsons
  • Wilson

11. Who uses cultural defence and cultural transition to explain greater religiosity among ethnic groups?

  • Bruce
  • Pryce
  • Heelas
  • S & B

12. Who refers to the ruling class ideological domination of society as hegemony?

  • Malinowski
  • Parsons
  • Gramsci
  • Marx

13. Who talks about believing without belonging?

  • Davie
  • Hamilton
  • Parsons
  • Heelas and Woodhead

14. Who said a sect's prescription for salvation is a factor in determining whether or not it becomes a denomination?

  • Wilson
  • Wallis
  • Barker
  • Stark and Bainbridge

15. Who claimed men distort religion?

  • Marx
  • Malinowski
  • El Sadaawi
  • Woodhead

16. Who said the notion of an 'age of faith' is a myth?

  • Martin
  • Bruce
  • Hamilton
  • Parsons

17. Who said religion meets universal human needs by acting as a compensator?

  • Marx
  • Stark and Bainbridge
  • Durkheim
  • Parsons

18. Who said religion has relative autonomy from the economic substructure?

  • Malinowski
  • Woodhead
  • Maduro
  • Marx

19. Who said women are more religious due to their close relation to birth and death?

  • Bruce
  • Woodhead
  • Davie
  • Modood

20. Who talks about paradigms in science?

  • Kuhn
  • Polanyi
  • Popper
  • Merton