Scientific Methodology

Covers the major features of science including

- the use of empirical methods

- replicability

- objectivity

- theory construction

- hypothesis testing

+ validating new knowledge and the role of peer review with criticms

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What is Science?
Gaining new knowledge based on observable, measurable evidence
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What does Empirical methods involve?
Observation via the senses rather than simply our beliefs, thoughts and opinions
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What does objectivity mean?
Observations should be made without bias not influenced by our personal viewpoints and expectations
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What does replicability involve?
Repeating research under identical conditions
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What does replicability increase?
Confidence
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What is falsibility?
Where a scientific theory of hypothesis can be tested and found to be false
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How is falsibility achieved?
By replicating studies under the exact same testing conditions
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What is peer review?
A process which decides whether or not the research is deemed scientifically acceptable or not
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What does peer review prevent?
Flawed and unscientific research from being published
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List the steps in the peer review process
- researcher writes up report / - report sent to several anonymous expert reviewers / -experts will review all aspects / -experts report back to editor and original researcher
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List one criticism for peer reviews
Can be very slow, sometimes taking many years to acheive
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What does peer review ensure?
Ensures only good/new research is published, as well as ensuring the credibility of psychology
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What does Empirical methods involve?

Back

Observation via the senses rather than simply our beliefs, thoughts and opinions

Card 3

Front

What does objectivity mean?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What does replicability involve?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What does replicability increase?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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