Scientific Method

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Empirical methods
Information gained through direct observation or experiment rather than by reasoned argument or unfounded belief.
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Objectivity
Empirical data should be objective - not affected by expectations of researcher. Carefully control conditions, i.e. lab
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Replicability
Demonstrate validity through replication; record procedures carefully
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Theory construction
Science should be able to record facts and use these to construct theories to help understand/ predict phenomena.
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Hypothesis testing
Any good theory must generate testable prediction. Theories are modified through induction & deduction.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Empirical data should be objective - not affected by expectations of researcher. Carefully control conditions, i.e. lab

Back

Objectivity

Card 3

Front

Demonstrate validity through replication; record procedures carefully

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Science should be able to record facts and use these to construct theories to help understand/ predict phenomena.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Any good theory must generate testable prediction. Theories are modified through induction & deduction.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5

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