Science Flashcards

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  • Created by: Autumn.A
  • Created on: 23-11-15 14:00
How many different types of cells are there?
The body contains trillions of cells, organized into more than 200 major types.
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Do all cells have the same structure?
No. Different cells have different functions and different sizes and shapes. For example, red blood cells are round in the normal state, while nerve cells are very elongated. Some bacterial cells have flagella for movement, some cells are large (such
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Are cells specific colors or can they be any color?
In nature, most cells are transparent and without color. Animal cells that have a lot of iron, like red blood cells, are deep red. Cells that contain the substance melanin are often brown. It is the absence of melanin that makes eyes blue. Scientists
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If cells make up us, what makes up cells?
Cells are made of organic molecules, such as lipids, carbohydrates, nucleotides and amino acids. The cell uses chemical energy to make polymers of these molecules, for example to make DNA and RNA strands from nucleotides and proteins from amino acids
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Is it possible for an animal cell to "spring a leak" and, if so, how would they repair themselves?
Cells need to regulate the passage of molecules into and out of the cell. This process is normally under tight control. However, there can be circumstances that cause the cell to become "leaky" (e.g., disruption of the balance in the concentration of
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How long do cells live?
It depends. The cells that line your digestive system turn over very rapidly. Brain cells last a very long time. In fact, scientists thought that once our brain finished growing, the cells we start with are the only ones we'll ever have. Over the pas
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If an organism dies, do all of its cells immediately die too?
No, some cells such as those in hair cells live on for a while after a person dies. Other cells that continue include fingernail cells.
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Why is exercise good for your cells?
Exercise is good for your cells and your tissues because it helps to "train" them so they perform better. For example, muscle cells will produce their energy molecules better and lung cells will be able to use oxygen more efficiently. Exercise also i
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Do cells think?
Individual cells don't "think" in the way our complete brains think. Individual cells do react to their surroundings and change their behaviors according to programs set up in their genes, but that's not really thinking. That requires the complex and
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How do scientists study cells when they are so small?
Cells are not really that small for modern research. We actually have instruments to study individual molecules and atoms. Typically, cells range in size from 10 to 300 microns (1 micron is one millionth of a meter). Molecules, which are also studied
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Why do we learn about cells?
When you think about the fact that you started out as a single cell, why wouldn't you want to learn about how cells divide, let you do your favorite things, contribute to disease and aid the development of treatments or cures that you one day may nee
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What does the neuron cell do?
Neurons have many different shapes and sizes; some are over 3 feet long! Neurons are essential for thinking and all our senses. We know a lot about how neurons work, but I think we are just seeing the tip of the iceberg regarding our understanding of
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Do all cells have the same structure?

Back

No. Different cells have different functions and different sizes and shapes. For example, red blood cells are round in the normal state, while nerve cells are very elongated. Some bacterial cells have flagella for movement, some cells are large (such

Card 3

Front

Are cells specific colors or can they be any color?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

If cells make up us, what makes up cells?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Is it possible for an animal cell to "spring a leak" and, if so, how would they repair themselves?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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