Science (biology) - Cells

What are Eukaryotas cells?
Eukaryotas cells are organisms that are made up of eukaryotic cells.
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What are Prokaryotic cells?
Prokaryotic cells is a prokaryote.
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What do Eukaryotas cells include?
Eukaryotic cells are more complex and include all animal and plant cells.
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What do animal cells have?
Nucleus, cell membrane, cytoplasm, mitochondira, ribosomes,
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What is a nucleus?
contains the genetic materials that controls all of the cells.
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What is the cell membrane?
Controls what goes and in out of cells.
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What is the cytoplasm?
Where most of the chemical reaction happens.
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What is a mitochondria?
Where most of the respiration takes place and transfers energy that the cells need to work.
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What is Ribosomes?
involves in the translation of genetic material in the synthesis of protein
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What do plant cells have?
Nucleus, cell membrane, cytoplasm, mitochondira, ribosomes, large vacuole, Chloroplast, cell wall
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What is a cell wall?
Supports the cell and strengthens it
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What is Large Vacuole?
Maintains the internal pressure to support the cell
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Are bacteria cells smaller than the plant/animal cell or larger?
They are small than the plant and animal cell
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What is the chromosomal DNA?
Controls the cells activities and
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What is flagellum?
Hair-like structure that rotates to make the bacterium?
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what is a Plasmid DNA?
Small loops of extra DNA but they are not chromosomes
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What is sexual reproduction?
When the nucleus of an egg cell fuses with a sperm cell which creates a fertilised egg.
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What is the function of a sperm cell?
To carry male DNA to the female egg cell
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Explain two ways in which sperm cell are adapted for this function?
They have long tail to swim and it has a lot of mitochondria to produce a lot of energy for the cell.
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What is the function of an egg cell?
To carry female DNA and to nourish the developing embryo in its early stages.
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Explain two ways in which an egg cell are adapted for this function?
It contains nutrient in the cytoplasm to feed the embryo. It has a haploid nucleus.
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What is the function of a ciliated epithelial cell?
To move substances.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are Prokaryotic cells?

Back

Prokaryotic cells is a prokaryote.

Card 3

Front

What do Eukaryotas cells include?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What do animal cells have?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is a nucleus?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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