Schoenberg-Perpetie

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When was Perpetie written?
1909
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When and where was it first performed?
1912, London proms
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What style is Peripetie?
Expressionist
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What does Peripetie mean?
A Sudden Reversal, because the ideas from the start return in reverse order at the end
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What group of pieces is it from?
It is the 4th piece of '5 Orchestral pieces'
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What are the features of Expressionism?
Atonal (all notes have equal importance), One intense emotion, Uses the full pitch range of instruments, Short pieces, Dynamic extremes,Timbre is as important as melody
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Expressionism was a reaction to which late romantic composers?
Wagner and Brahms who used more chromatic notes and fewer cadences to make music more emotional and suspense filled
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What is the tempo?
Sehr Rasch (very quick)
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What is the metre?
It changes between 2/4, 3/4 and 4/4
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What is the Key signature?
It is Atonal
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What is the Structure?
ABA'CA" , disguised Rondo (A sections are very different on each repeat)
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What type of orchestra is used?
A full orchestra, over 90 people
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What is the Instrumentation?
There is a Quadruple woodwind section, Strings and a large Percussion section
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What type of techniques are used by the musicians?
A lot of articulation-accents, staccato, The cymbal is played with a mallet and cello bow (as well as many other strange techniques)
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Which Instruments dominate the louder parts?
Brass
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Which Instruments are used for warmer textures?
Horns
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Name some of the instruments used
Cor Anglais, Xylophone, Piccolo, Tam Tam, Tuba, Clarinet (in D)
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What is the Texture?
Mostly Polyphonic (section B), occasionally homophonic/polyphonic
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What is the texture in section C?
It is more sparse
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How are the complex textures built up?
Using imitation and Inversion
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How are the contrasts in timbre created?
Rapid and frequent change of instrumentation
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What is the dynamic range?
pp-fff , the dynamics change frequently and suddenly
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What are the chords and melodies built from?
Hexachords
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Describe the melody
disjunct/angular, unpredictable, uses large intervals, uses octave displacement, many short motifs sometimes played simletaneously
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What is the 'main voice' of the melody called? (it is shifted to many different instruments)
Haupstimme
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How many different melodic motifs are used in the 1st 18 bars?
7
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What is 'Klangfarben' melody?
'tone, colour' melody
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Describe the harmony
They are dissonant, and have many clashes as many motifs are played simletaneously
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How is the final climax of the piece created?
Using 3 different canons heard at the same time
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What changes in each section?
The lengths and dynamic markings are different, and the tempo and texture change.
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The rhythm in the opening uses...
Triplets and Sextuplets
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What is the rhythm of the Clarinet ?
Rubato
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How is the pulse of the piece disguised?
By the complex rhythms and changing tempo
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Card 2

Front

When and where was it first performed?

Back

1912, London proms

Card 3

Front

What style is Peripetie?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What does Peripetie mean?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What group of pieces is it from?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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