Schizophrenia - SS1 - Reliability of Diagnostic Criteria - Research

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Which psychologist suggests the diagnostic criteria is reliable?
Meehl
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What did Meehl argue that health professionals should be able to count on?
The reliability of diagnostic tools if take into account their thorough descriptions of symptoms and pay close attention to patients
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Which psychologists argue it is not reliable?
Rosenhan and Beck
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What did Rosenhann and 7 other colleagues do?
All healthy, went into psychiatric hospitals and claimed to be hearing voices
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What happened?
7 misdiagnosed with schizophrenia and one with manic depression
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What is a problem with the study?
It was done in 1973, so it is dated, so more likely that we have more knowledge today = less chance of misdiagnosis
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What did Beck find?
Inter-rater reliability of 54% when comparing the diagnoses of 2 psychiatrists for 154 patients
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What else is a problem with the diagnostic criteria?
May be considered subjective - down to individual interpretation, manuals = just guides
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What do most scientists use?
Standardized interview techniques
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What are many health professionals limited in?
Time & resources
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Card 2

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What did Meehl argue that health professionals should be able to count on?

Back

The reliability of diagnostic tools if take into account their thorough descriptions of symptoms and pay close attention to patients

Card 3

Front

Which psychologists argue it is not reliable?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Rosenhann and 7 other colleagues do?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

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What happened?

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Preview of the front of card 5
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