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1. positive symptoms are symptoms that :

  • create a negative response to the disorder
  • add to cognitive functioning e.g. halluncinations or delusions
  • create a positive response to the disorder
  • something is take away from cognitive functioning e.g. affective flattening
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2. Rosenhan's insane study found that

  • 7/8 fake patients were diagnosed with Schizophrenia
  • no fake patients successfully got diagnosed with the disorder
  • 5/8 fake patients got diagnosed with the disorder and 2 were diagnosed with bipolar
  • all the fake patients were diagnosed with Schizophrenia

3. how many ICD first rank symptoms are needed over what length of time for the patient to be diagnosed with Schz?

  • 1 symptom, 2 months
  • 1 symptom, 1 month
  • 2 symptoms, 1 month
  • 2 symptoms, 2 months

4. what is Schizophrenia?

  • a mental disorder characterised by two different personalities that alternately control a persons personality which can prevent a high quality of life
  • a serious mental disorder characterised by severe disruptions in psychological functioning which affects thoughts, perception, language, emotion and loss of contact with reality
  • a condition with symptoms of extreme mood swings

5. a difference between the ICD and the DSM is

  • the ICD doesnt include symptoms such as delusions and negative symptoms but the DSM does
  • the DSM states two symptoms must be present for a month to be diagnosed whereas the ICD only needs one first rank for a month
  • the DSM states two months of persistent symptoms is necessary whereas the ICD only suggests one month is needed


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