Samuel and Bryant Core Studies

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  • Created by: Cristina
  • Created on: 29-03-15 19:35
What was the aim in Samuel and Bryant study?
To study whether children under the age of 7 and 8 years old are able to conserve.
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What did Piaget believe in?
Piaget believed that children think qualitatively different from an adult.
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What did Piaget wanted to test?
Piaget wanted to test whether children would be able to conserve and recognise that if number, mass or volume remain the same even after it changes in appearance.
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How did Rose and Blank change their methods?
Asked one question rather then the traditional two / Only used 6 year old children.
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What was the results that Rose and Blank gathered?
Far more children were able to conserve then Piaget originally predicted.
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What was the hypothesis in Samuel and Bryant study?
One question would result in more answers correctly / Older children will be able to conserve more than younger children / Children will conserve better in number, mass and volume.
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What experimental method did Samuel and Bryant use?
Mixed factorial / Independent / Repeated measures design.
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What did Samuel and Bryant use Independent design for?
Only for age and question.
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What did Samuel and Bryant use repeated measures for?
Conservation task.
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How many participants were there in Samuel and Bryant study?
252.
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Where were the participants from?
Devon.
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What ages were the participants?
5:3 6:3 7:3 8:3.
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What method was used to obtain Samuel and Bryant participants?
Opportunity Sample.
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What was the IV in Samuel and Bryant study?
Conservation task: mass,volume,number / Question type: Standard, One judgement, Fixed array.
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What was the control condition?
The fixed array
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Why was the control condition introduced?
To prevent any extraneous variables / Whether children could detect a difference in the post - transformation display without seeing the pre - transformation.
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What was the control group?
The fixed array condition.
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What was the fixed array question type?
Only saw one display (post) then asked the question without seeing the (pre).
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What kind of experiment was Samuel and Bryant study?
Laboratory experiment.
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What was the first stage of Samuel and Bryant procedure?
Children were matched by their age and divided into four groups of 63 and then each group was subdivided into three task groups (closely matched on age).
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What was the second stage of Samuel and Bryant's procedure?
The children were tested systematically varied 4 times on each conservation task: number, mass or volume. 2 were equal 2 were unequal based on which question type.
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What matetial did they use in mass? number? volume?
Plasticine/counters/glasses.
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What was the unequal condition for the mass?number?volume?
Two unequal plasticine cylinders/One row of 6, one row of 5 to be equally arranged/Two identical glasses with different amounts of liquids.
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What was the main result in age?
5 year olds made more mistakes that 6-7-8 year olds / This showed that the older children were able to conserve because they thought more logically.
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What did the age results support?
Piaget's theory (pre-operational stage).
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What was the main result in the material of the conservation task?
Fewer errors made in number , mass then volume.
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What did the material of the conservation task results support?
Piaget's theory that children can not think abstractly.
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What was the main result in question type?
Fewer errors made in one judgement, standard, fixed array.
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What did the question type results support?
Rose and Blank's theory that children got confused when asked two questions instead of one.
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Card 2

Front

What did Piaget believe in?

Back

Piaget believed that children think qualitatively different from an adult.

Card 3

Front

What did Piaget wanted to test?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How did Rose and Blank change their methods?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the results that Rose and Blank gathered?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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