Samuel and Bryant

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  • Created by: Ella M
  • Created on: 18-05-13 15:12
What is the correct aim of this study?
To investigate whether the results of Piaget's conservation tasks were due to methodological issues or limitations of child thought
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Where did this experiment take place?
In a lab setting
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What makes this experiment a 'cross-sectional study'?
It measures the conservation skills of different ages of children, but is not a longitudinal study, different children represent different age groups
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How big was the sample?
252
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How old were the children?
Between the ages of 5 and 8 and a half
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Where were the sample from?
Crediton, Devon
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How many age groups were there?
4
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What were the average ages within each age group?
5y3m, 6y3m, 7y3m, 8y3m
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How was mass measured?
A cylinder of play dough pre-transformation, a sausage of play dough post-tansformation
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How was volume measured?
Two glasses of water with identical amounts of water, one was poured into a narrower or wider glass
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How was number measured?
Two rows of counters of equal length and number, one was spread out or bunched up
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What were the three groups/ conditions called?
Standard test, One judgement, Fixed array
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What happened in the 'Standard test' condition?
Participants made two judgements - one before and one after the transformation
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What happened in the 'One judgement' condition?
Participants watched the transformation and then were asked one question
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What happened in the 'Fixed array' condition?
Participants were not allowed to see the transformation and were asked one question post-transformation
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What type of child found the experiment easiest?
The older ones
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In which task did the children make fewest errors?
The number task
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What was the IV of the experiment?
The methodology used with each group of children: Standard test, One judgement, Fixed array
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What was the DV of the experiment?
Whether or not the children could conserve: whether they answered the post-transformation properly
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What was Samuel and Bryant's explanation of the results?
The children may have been confused by the two questions, they may think they had got it wrong first time so they gave a different answer the second
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Is Piaget's theory supported?
Yes
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Where did this experiment take place?

Back

In a lab setting

Card 3

Front

What makes this experiment a 'cross-sectional study'?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How big was the sample?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How old were the children?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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