Salts and solubility

HideShow resource information
What is a soluble salt
Soluble salts dissolve in water and produce clear a clear solution
1 of 19
What is an insoluble salt
An insoluble salt turns cloudy and produces a precipitate
2 of 19
What salts are always soluble
Potassium, sodium, ammonium and nitrates
3 of 19
What chlorides are insoluable
lead and silver
4 of 19
what sulfates are insoluable
barium, lead and calcium
5 of 19
What are the solubility rules for carbonates and hydroxides
all insoluble unless potassium, sodium, ammonium
6 of 19
What is barium sulfate used for
a barium meal in x-rays, it is insoluble and opaque in x-rays; used to show digestive track
7 of 19
How do you test for a metal
with a flame test or spectroscopy
8 of 19
What is a flame test
Where a element produces a certain colour under a flame
9 of 19
What is spectroscopy
Where elements produce a specific pattern of flames/colours
10 of 19
What two new elements were fond using spectroscopy
Rubidium and caesium
11 of 19
What colour does a potassium flame test go
Lilac
12 of 19
What colour does a sodium flame test go
Yellow
13 of 19
What colour does a calcium flame test go
brick red
14 of 19
What colour does a copper flame test go
Blue-green
15 of 19
How do you test for anions
With a precipitate reaction
16 of 19
How do you test for a sulfate
add dilute HCl to turn any unwanted products soluable, then add barium chloride to get a white precipitate
17 of 19
How do you test for a chloride
add dilute nitric acid, then add silver nitrate to produce a white precipitate
18 of 19
How do you test for a carbonate
Add dilute acid then bubble through limewater and if it turns cloudy/milky
19 of 19

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is an insoluble salt

Back

An insoluble salt turns cloudy and produces a precipitate

Card 3

Front

What salts are always soluble

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What chlorides are insoluable

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what sulfates are insoluable

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Chemistry resources:

See all Chemistry resources »See all Testing and analysing substances resources »