Russian 1917 to 1953 Economic Figures

How many workers on strike in December 1914 and 1916?
10,000 to 880,000
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By 1917 what % had inflation reached?
200%
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By January 1917, Petrograd had received what % of its grain requirements?
48%
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By 1917 the price of flour had risen how much since 1914?
500%
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What was state capitalism and when did it operate from and to?
Late 1917 to May 1918, Mass nationalisation took place as workers were granted higher wages and economic production was co-ordinated. Small factories remained under the control of capitalists. Lenin/Marx thought capitalism must exist before socialism
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What was war communism and when did it operate from and to?
May 1918 to 1921, grain taken forcibly from peasants to feed workers/soldiers. Mass production of war goods, complete nationalisation and private trade abolished
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What was the grain harvest (million tonnes) in 1913 and 1921?
80.11 and 37.61, in 1921 a mass famine occured in which 5 million died
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What was the industrial production (million tonnes) in 1913 and 1921?
10,251 and 2,004, NEP was introduced in 1921 and mass increases began soon after
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What was NEP and when did operate to and from?
1921 to 1928, mixed economy as farming returned to free market and grain requisitions ended. Small factories denationalised and often returned to middle class capitalist owner. Large factories remained under state control. NEPMEN flourished.
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What was the grain harvest (million tonnes) in 1924?
51.4, 14 million tonnes more than 1921
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What was the industrial production (million tonnes) in 1922 and 1926?
2,619 and 11,083, this took over pre WW1 levels
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Problems with NEP by 1925?
Workers living standards decreased and peasants began to horde grain to increases prices
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When did collectivisation start and what was the grain harvest (million tonnes) in 1928 and 1934?
1928, 73.3 to 67.6 due to deaths of Kulaks and removal of any incentive
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How many sheep, goats, pigs and cattle died from 1928 to 1934?
97 million
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Grain exports (million tonnes) in 1928 and 1931?
1 million to 5 million
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How much grain (million tonnes) did the government obtain from the peasantry in 1928 and 1933?
10.8 to 22.6
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What organisation was set up to over see the 5 year plans? Name all 5 year plans and dates
GOSPLAN, 1st 1928 - 1932, 2nd 1933 - 1937, 3rd 1938 - 1941, 4th 1946 - 1950
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How much did coal and pig iron production increase by between 1928 to 1933?
COAL: 35.5 to 76.3, PIG IRON: 3.3 to 7.1 (million tonnes)
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Electricty production, 28 to 40?
5 to 48 billion (million kWth)
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Coal production and pig iron production by 1940?
166 and 14.9 million tonnes
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What focus did the 3rd 5 year plan have?
Military spending, 1/3 of government investment and this totally ignored consumer items
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In 1929 and 1930, on average how many peasanst moved into towns/cities per week?
50,000, this created major housing issues and living conditions were awful were most workers
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How much did wages fall from 1928 to 1940?
At least 7%
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Did the majority of workers have access to clean water, good living/working standards?
No, many lived in severe poverty and work 6 days a week with long hours. 1000s died in accidents and being late was a criminal offence
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Name some great soviet projects
White sea canal, infamously up to 240,000 gulag prisoners died building it and it was made too shallow limiting its economic usefulness. By 1941 as many as 12 million gulag inmates provided free slave labour, 1.5 million Kulaks were sent to Gulags.
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What was gigantomania and an example?
The creation of extremely large industrial complexes, farms, engineering efforts, buildings and statues was to prove the superiority of the socialist system over capitalism. These projects also aimed for a mass transformation of the Russian peasant
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By the end of 1941, how many large factories had been moved East?
1,500
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How many railwagons took workshops/factories East?
300,000
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At the end of 1941 and end of 1942, what % of women were producing for the war effort?
11% to 50%
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In the Urals, how much did military prodcution increase by from 41 to 42??
180%
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Tank production from second half of 41 to first half of 42?
4,200 to 11,000, the mass production of T-34 tanks was pivital in the Battle of Kursk which ended the Nazi ability to launch offensives in the East
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How much did the US give the USSR during the land lease programm? And how many trucks did the US provide?
$11.3 billion (equivalent to $154 billion today) , 300,000 trucks
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How many people were homeless by 1945?
25 million
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Workers were worse off in 1950 than in 1928. What % of investment in the 4th 5 year plan went on consumer goods and food production?
12%
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Coal production, 1945 and 1950?
119 (fell 47 since 1940) and 261 million tonnes
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Grain harvest, 1945 and 1950?
47 and 81 million tonnes
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Oil production, 1945 and 1950?
19 to 38 million tonnes
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Steel production, 1945 and 1950?
12 to 27 million tonnes
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Grain harvest, 1946 and what did it cause?
39 million tonnes, famine mainly in Ukraine that killed 1 to 1.5 million
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What did Stalin refuse money from?
The US Marshall plan which offered $16 billion to Europe. Stalin rejected it for the USSR and the Eastern Bloc.
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What did Stalin form in 1949?
COMECON, set up to rival the post-war capitalist power in the USA and Western Europe
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

By 1917 what % had inflation reached?

Back

200%

Card 3

Front

By January 1917, Petrograd had received what % of its grain requirements?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

By 1917 the price of flour had risen how much since 1914?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was state capitalism and when did it operate from and to?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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