Russia Pre-Revolution Cards

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What were the 4 main long term causes of the revolution?
Impact of War, political opposition, lack of food and incompetance of the Tsar
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What 3 factors can these be categorised as?
Collapse of the system, Discontent and Revolutionary Groups
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In which year had there been a failed revolution, and what did the tsar to following this?
1905, create the duma
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Who was the head of the first duma?
Stolypin
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What happened to him?
He was assassinated
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What measure did he introduce that created a new class, and what was this class called?
Land reforms, created Kulaks (land owning peasants)
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Why was the Tsarina disliked?
She was known as 'The German Woman'
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Why was Rasputin a controversial figure?
He was a peasant, and was seen as an evil and corrupting influence on the Tsar and his wife
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Who organised his assassination?
Prince Yusupov
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What position did the Tsar take in 1915?
Commander in chief of the army
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How many soldiers died in the Brusilov Offensive?
1/2 a million
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What were the four main opposition parties, and who were their key leaders?
SRs: Alexander Kerensky, Liberals: Milyukov, Bolsheviks: Lenin, Mensheviks: Martov
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Who were the other 4 main Bolshevik figures
Trotsky, Zinoviev, Kamenev, Stalin
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What was the Winter of discontent?
The winter of 1916 was exceptionally cold, and supplies of food and fuel were perilously low
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What other factor was causing the lack of food?
Food trains were being used by the army to transport arms and men
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What happened on 24th February 1917?
After a Women's Day parade, 90000 protesters began complaining about the lack of bread
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Where was the Tsar at this point?
At the front, returning home via train
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What was Alexander Kerensky's response to the riots?
He called for the tsar's abdication
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Where did the Tsar abdicate?
On the train back to petrograd
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Who declined the throne?
Grand Duke Micheal
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Who else advocated his abdication?
His mother
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Following the abdication of the tsar
a provisional government led by Prince Lvov was established
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National Assembly elections
were scheduled for November 1917
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The Petrograd Soviet, a 3000 man organisation of workers and soldiers
was founded on the same day as the PG, and was situated in the same building; the Tauride Palace
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Order No. 1 gave the Soviet
power over the military, and stated they would ignore all orders from the PG unless they agreed with them
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The main points of Lenin's April Theses were
Bread, Peace, Land and All power to the Soviets
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The Kerensky offensive of June and July 1917
was a military failure, causing discontent
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The July Days were
a series of riots, that due to Lenin's reluctance, were a failure
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Provisional government troops
crushed the July Days and arrested Trotsky and Kamanev
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General Kornilov
attempted a coup on PEtrograd, which meant Kerensky had to ask the Bolshevik Red Guard for help
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When the Bolsheviks had a Soviet majority with Trotsky as chairman
Lenin returned to Russia from exile
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When Trotsky became head of the Military Revolutionary Commitee
He organised the plan of the OCtober Revolution
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During the night of the 7th November 1917
The Bolsheviks stormed and captured the Winter Palace
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What 3 factors can these be categorised as?

Back

Collapse of the system, Discontent and Revolutionary Groups

Card 3

Front

In which year had there been a failed revolution, and what did the tsar to following this?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who was the head of the first duma?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What happened to him?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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