Russia in Transition

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  • Created by: catrin15
  • Created on: 24-05-15 18:34
Autocracy
rule by one person who has complete power
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Okhrana
theTsar's secret police
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Bloody Sunday
the day in January 1905 when a group of peaceful demonstrators standing outside the Winter Palace in St Petersburg were fired upon by the Tsar's soldiers
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Duma
a representative assembly that the Tsar consulted, but which had little power
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Mensheviks
believed in a mass party in which power was spread among as many member as possible; they were prepared for gradual change
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Bolsheviks
believed that a small party elite should organise and force a revolution
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Petrograd
St Petersburg sounded too German and was changed to Petrograd in 1914
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Abdicate
to give up the throne
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Soviet
an elected council of workers
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Dual Power
the attempt at sharing power between the Provisional Government and the Petrograd Soviet, February-October 1917
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Coup d'état
violent or illegal change of government
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Sovnarkom
the Council of People's Commissars or the government of Russia
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Cheka
the Bolshevik secret police
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Reparations
sum of money paid by a defeated power after the war as compensation
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War Communism
state control of industry and agriculture
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Red Terror
period of Cheka repression under the Bolsheviks
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New Economic Policy
introduced by Lenin in1921 to win back the support of the people, it allowed private businesses, farmers and profit
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Gulag
a prison where inmates were punished by forced labour
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Nepmen
Private traders
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Kulak
abetter-off peasant who benefited from the NEP
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USSR
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the name given to Russia after its allied socialist republics after1922. Eventually the USSR comprised 15 republics
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Propaganda
means of spreading political ideas , often through the use of media such as posters, film, radio and the press
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Censorship
the control of what is printed and broadcast: books, newspapers, plays, films, and the suppression of anything considered to be against the state
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Agitprop
abbreviation used for the Department for Agitation and Propaganda. Its function was to spread Communist ideology
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

theTsar's secret police

Back

Okhrana

Card 3

Front

the day in January 1905 when a group of peaceful demonstrators standing outside the Winter Palace in St Petersburg were fired upon by the Tsar's soldiers

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

a representative assembly that the Tsar consulted, but which had little power

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

believed in a mass party in which power was spread among as many member as possible; they were prepared for gradual change

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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