Russia

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What was one political problem of the provisional government?
they weren't an elected body, so they didn't really represent Russia.
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What was one economic problem of the provisional government?
Food shortages, inflation and starvation.
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What was one military problem of the provisional government?
Defeats, there were 60,000 deaths in June 1917 alone.
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When were the provisional government in power?
March to October 1917
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What was one success of the provisional government?
They gave freedom of speech, however this meant that people could openly oppose them too.
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What was Soviet Order Number 1?
A decree that the orders of the provisional government could only be obeyed if the soviets agreed with them.
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What were the April Theses?
Plans Lenin set out for a workers' revolution.
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What were the July Days?
When some Bolsheviks tried to overthrow the PG, but failed. 400 people killed/injured.
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What were Lenin's slogans?
'Peace, Land and Bread', 'Land to the Peasants', 'all power to the Soviets'.
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Who was General Kornilov?
the commander-in-chief of the Russian army. He wanted a military dictatorship.
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What was the Kornilov Revolt?
Kornilov tried to march on Petrograd, so Kerensky (prime minister) armed the Bolshevik army so they could stop him. They were successful.
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Consequences of the Kornilov Revolt?
The PG looked very weak, but the Bolsheviks now looked like heroes. They were also now armed.
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Why did the revolution happen in October? 2 main reasons
1, Morale and reputation high after Kornilov revolt, 2, Zinoviev and Kamenev published that a revolution was being planned so Lenin had to act before Kerensky could prepare.
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What happened?
Oct 23, Trotsky and MRC got control of Petrograd garrison, set up HQ in Smolny Institute. Oct 25, Bolsheviks storm winter palace and arrest PG. Nov 8, Power given to Lenin.
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Who was Trotsky?
Controlled 20,000 red guards, 60,000 baltic soldiers, 150,000 in Pet garrison. Organised, diciplined, created MRC, good public speaker, Leader of Pet soviet.
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Why did the PG mean bolsheviks could seize power in Oct 1917?
Stayed in WW1, Kerenksy armed red guards, Mutinies in army and navy, soviet order no.1, prince Lvov to start with so didn't represent Russia.
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Who was Lenin?
Good public speaker, opposed war, slogans.
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Civil war 1918 causes
Uprisings across country, desperate economic state, Lenin had closed the constituent assembly = unpopular.
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How did the reds win? 3 reasons
Weaknesses of whites, Trotsky, Strengths of reds.
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Weaknesses of whites in civil war.
Argued over future plans, spread over large area so hard to communicate, low morale, many desertions, not united.
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Role of trotsky in winning civil war.
Introduced conscription so army enlarged. Inspiring speaker, clever tactics - used experienced ex-tsarist officers to help army
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strengths of reds in civil war.
war communism - more food to army.
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How did stalin rise to power in 1924-29?
His position in the party (had direct link to head of secret police), trotskys weaknesses, propaganda (made people think he was v. involved in Oct revolution.
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What was one economic problem of the provisional government?

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Food shortages, inflation and starvation.

Card 3

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What was one military problem of the provisional government?

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Card 4

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When were the provisional government in power?

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Card 5

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What was one success of the provisional government?

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