russia before the revolution flashcards

Who was the Tsar of Russia before the revolutions?
Tsar Nicholas II. Inherited throne in 1894, at the age of 26.
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Was Nicholas suited to be Tsar?
No, naturally shy and awkarward and found politics boring. Stubborn, crtical and tried to put minsters against eachother, which weakend authority.
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Who was Tsar Nicholas' wife?
Tsarina Alexandra
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What were Tsarina's personality traits?
Strong-willed, devoted wife and mother. Often persudaded Tsar's decision making yet had little political understanding.
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Who was Rasputin?
A 'holy man' who apparently healed the Tsar's son. This lead to him being involved in the politics. Also known for womanising and drunkness, which damaged Tsar's reputation.
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Why was there inflation?
The government had raised taxes to pay for the war effort. Money was almost worthless by 1917.
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What happened to the railways & countryside during war?
Taken over by transporting men and food to those at war plus fuel shortages. The countryside had a lack of men due to conscription so supplies of food also fell.
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Disontent in everday people?
Struggling to survive and meet their everday needs. Angry and striked against employers.
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Discontent in army?
Many deserted, many died from casulties, and didnt have any heart to fight on.
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What happened in the war effort?
Initially popular, but lost hope once many Russian lives were lost. Didn't like the taxation war caused. 1.5 million desertations.
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Why did the Tsar join the war effort?
In an effort to bring up morale, joins in 1915. Some saw it as heroic, but had little intelligence of war and blamed more so for the failure. Left Rasputin to be MORE involved in politics back in Petrograd.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Was Nicholas suited to be Tsar?

Back

No, naturally shy and awkarward and found politics boring. Stubborn, crtical and tried to put minsters against eachother, which weakend authority.

Card 3

Front

Who was Tsar Nicholas' wife?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What were Tsarina's personality traits?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Who was Rasputin?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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