Russia Key dates 1894-1924

  • Created by: TTang23
  • Created on: 27-12-17 13:41
1861
Emancipation of the Serfs
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1881
Alexander II assassinated, Alexander III succeeds as Tsar
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1894
Nicholas II succeeded Alexander III as Tsar
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1897
Lenin exiled to Siberia
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1898
Formation of Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP)
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1900
Formation of Socialist Revolutionaries (SRs). Lenin joined RSDLP
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1903
RSDLP split between Bolsheviks and Mensheviks .Communes no longer responsible for land tenure.Trans-Siberian Railway completed
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1904
Assassination of Interior Minister Plehve. Liberal ‘Banquet Campaign’
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1904-05
Russo-Japanese War
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1905
‘Bloody Sunday’ Revolution: strikes, mutinies ‘Union of Unions’ formed End of redemption payments; peasants seize land October Manifesto St. Petersburg Soviet formed Troops returning from the war with Japan suppressed soviets
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1906
Fundamental Laws Parties legalised
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1906–07
First and Second Dumas dissolved after a few months
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1906-07
Repression of Tsarism’s opponents
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1906-11
Stolypin’s agricultural reforms
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1906-17
Lenin in exile abroad
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1907
Stolypin’s ‘coup’: Electoral Law restricting the franchise
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1907-12
3rd Duma
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1910
New wave of strikes
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1911
Assassination of Stolypin
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1912
National insurance scheme. Lena goldfields massacre
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1912-13
War in Balkans
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1912-14
4th Duma
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1914-18
Russia at War with Germany and Austria (WW1)
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1914
Suspension of 4th Duma
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1915
Fourth Duma recalled June: Kadets and Octobrists formed the Progressive Bloc August: Tsar appointed himself Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces Control of the government in the hands of Alexandra and Rasputin
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1916
Murder Rasputin
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1917 Feb
February: Strike began at Putilov factories in Petrograd .February Revolution
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1917 Mar
March: Abdication of Tsar Provisional government set up March: Petrograd Soviet issues ‘Order No.1’
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1917 Apr
April: Return of Lenin: April Theses
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1917 Jul
July Days July: Failure of the Kerensky Offensive
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1917 Aug
August: Kornilov Revolt Trotsky joined Bolsheviks Bolshevik majorities in Petrograd and Moscow soviets Military Revolutionary Committee established
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1917 Oct
October: Bolshevik seizure of power Sovnarkom established Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic set up
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1917 Nov
November: Constituent Assembly Elections November: Decrees on Land and Workers’ Control
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1917 Dec
December: Cheka founded
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1918 Jan
January: Bolsheviks disbanded Constituent Assembly
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1918 Mar
March: Treaty of Brest-Litovsk Assassination attempt on Lenin
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1918 Jul
July: Tsar and imperial family murdered Bolsheviks renamed (All-)Russian Communist Party (until 1925)
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1918-21
War Communism
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1920
Russo-Polish War: Loss of western Ukraine
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1921
Kronstadt Rebellion Tenth Party Congress – ban on factions Introduction of the New Economic Policy (NEP)
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1921–22
Mass Famine
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1922
Cheka renamed as GPU Stalin became General Secretary of the Central Committee USSR established
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1922-23
Lenin suffered series of strokes
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1923
‘Scissors Crisis’
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1924
Lenin’s death USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) constitution agreed GPU expanded into OGPU
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

1881

Back

Alexander II assassinated, Alexander III succeeds as Tsar

Card 3

Front

1894

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

1897

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

1898

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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