Russia 1894 - 1941

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What is Zemstav?
Elected local councils (power was limited)
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What is Mir?
The traditional village community
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What is intelligentsia?
Educated members of Russian society who wanted to see the country reform along western allies
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What is Autocracy?
The absolute rule of one person (the Tsar)
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When was the Emancipation of the serfs?
1861
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When was the Assassination of Alexander II?
1881
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When was the Start of Nicholas II reign?
1894
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When were Witte's economy reforms?
1894 - 1906
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When did the Social Democratic Party form? (SDs)
1898
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When did the Social Revolutionary Party form? (SRs)
1901
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When did the Social Democratic Party split into Bolsheviks and Mensheviks?
1903
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When was the Russo-Japanese War?
1904 - 1905
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When was the Russo-Japanese Peace Treaty?
1905
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When was the formation of the Octorists?
1905
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When was the creation of Duma?
1905
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When was the formation of Kadets?
1905
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When was the All Russian Union of Peasants set up?
1905
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What issues did Nicholas II have?
Easily manipulated and swayed, he lack imagination and his mistrust in his ministers
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How much government spending from 1885 onwards was spent on the military
50%
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What were Sergei Witte successes?
Urbanisation (working class reached 11 million), growth of railways (grew by 230% in 30 years), Russia became the 4th largest economy and in 1900 economy expanded at 8% per annum
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What were Sergei Witte failures?
He made Russia too dependent on foreign loans, neglected areas such as light engineering, paid no attention to agriculture, growth figures are as impressive when in context which huge increase in population
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When was the "The Great Spurt"?
1890s
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What is State Capitalism?
This is the direction and control of the economy by the government using its central power and authority
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How did Witte believe modernisation could only be achieved under?
State Capitalism
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What were the causes of the Russo-Japanese War?
Territorial dispute, minister of war thought Nicholas II wanted to expand, Witte wanted to expand economy in the far east, to obtain an ice free port and to distract from domestic issues
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What were Russia weaknesses in the Russo-Japanese War?
Poorly equipped military, logistical problems, incorrect and ineffective tactics and they underestimated the Japanese
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What were Japan's strengths in the Russo-Japanese War?
They had rapidly modernised and were better equipped and prepared than Russia
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What was the effect of the Russo-Polish War?
National humiliation, demonstrated the incompetence of the government, excited the unrest of the country
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When was 'Bloody Sunday'?
22 January 1905
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What was the aim of Bloody Sunday?
Father Gapon led a peaceful march of workers and their families to the winter palace to present a petition to the Tsar begging him to improve conditions
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What happened on Bloody Sunday?
The march caused the police force to panic and they fired on the marchers and charged them down, approximately 200 fatalities
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When was the Union of Unions formed?
May 1905
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When was the Potemkin Mutiny?
June 1905
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When was the October Manifesto?
October 1905
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When was the Moscow Soviet formed?
1906
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When was the First Duma and Fundamental Laws?
1906
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When was the Second Duma?
1907
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When was the Third Duma?
1907 - 1912
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When was Peter Stolypin assassinated?
1911
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When was the Fourth Duma
1912 - 1914
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The traditional village community

Back

What is Mir?

Card 3

Front

Educated members of Russian society who wanted to see the country reform along western allies

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The absolute rule of one person (the Tsar)

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

1861

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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