RS GCSE OCR B604 Key Terms

  • Created by: Bryony
  • Created on: 12-05-13 12:47
When two countries attempt to resolve an issue through fighting
War
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A situation where there is no war or violence between countries or societies
Peace
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An activity that breaks the criminal law
Crime
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Something done to a wrongdoer or convicted criminal
Punishment
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Using death as a punishment for a crime
Capital Punishment
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The judicial killing of a convicted criminal
Execution
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Something done by/with the support of the law of a country as part of its process of trial and punishment
Judicial
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Aim of punishment, doing to the criminal what they did to someone else
Retribution
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Aim of punishment, taking action to guard society from the criminal
Protection
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Aim of punishment, a punishment designed to put other people off of committing the same crime
Detterance
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Aim of punishment, a punishment to help change the criminal into a useful member of society
Reform
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Aim of punishment, where the criminal makes amends and pays back society for what they did
Reperation
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Aim of punishment, a punishment to show the need to respect the law and justice system
Vindication
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Idea that violence is wrong
Pacifism
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Idea that violence is always wrong - no matter the reason
Absolute Pacifism
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Idea that violence is wrong in principle but is sometimes unaviodable
Conditional Pacifism
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Thomas Aquinas' theory about the right circumstances under which to go to war
Just War Theory
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Thinking badly of someone you don't know without any real reason
Prejudice
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Treating someone different because of your prejudices
Discrimination
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Prejudice based on race
Racism
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Prejudice based on gender
Sexism
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Prejudice based on age
Ageism
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Attempting to ensure that everyone has the same chances, no matter their age, gender, race etc.
Equal Oppertunities
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The belief that it is right to actively try to convert people to your faith
Evangelism
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A person who practices Evangelism
Evangelist
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Belief that it is right to encourage different faiths to work together without the need to convert
Ecumenism
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A person who practices Ecuminism
Ecuminism
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A legal system (recently practiced in South America) that keeps different races apart
Apartheid
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Joining it mean becoming a priest, vicar or pastor of the church you belong to
The Ministry
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Ceremony to make someone a priest
Ordination
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Ceremony in which God is believed to be present
Sacrament
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A Catholic sacrament by which you can be forgiven for your sins
Confession
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Accepting someone has done something wrong and not holding it against them
Forgiveness
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Making up after an arguement
Reconciliation
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Being brought back to God by repenting your sins
Redemption
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Being genuinely sorry for the sins you have committed
Repentance
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Any method of mass communication
Media
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Preventing publication of somehow inappropriate material
Censorship
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The right of ordinary people to express their opinions even if they go against the norm
Freedom of Speech
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An oversimplified image of a group of people
Stereotyping
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The 'cut-off' point after which programs unsuitable for younger audiences can be shown
Watershed
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Acceptance of something which may be deemed inappropriate
Condones
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Speaking out against something
Condemns
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Deliberately humiliating people
Degradation
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Explicit sexual imagery
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A situation where there is no war or violence between countries or societies

Back

Peace

Card 3

Front

An activity that breaks the criminal law

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Something done to a wrongdoer or convicted criminal

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Using death as a punishment for a crime

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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