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a person who believes we cannot be sure whether a god exists or not
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Atheist / atheism
a person who believes that there is no god / the belief that no god exists
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a person who believes in the basics of a religion, particularly believing that what is contained in a sacred text is an accurate, almost factual, record that cannot be questioned
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literally ‘the love of knowledge’. The study of ideas and the nature of knowledge and existence
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Theist / Theism
a person who believes in a god or gods / belief in the existence of a god or gods, especially belief in a personal God as creator and ruler of the world.
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Ultimate questions
questions about the nature and purpose of the universe
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St Thomas Aquinas (1225 - 1274), developed the Cosmological argument
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Cosmological argument or the First Cause Argument
a proof for the existence of God based on the idea that there had to be an uncaused cause that made everything else happen, otherwise there would be nothing now.
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Design argument or the Teleological argument –
the argument that God designed (made) the universe because everything is so intricately made in its detail that it could not have happened by chance
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Moral argument
the argument that God exists because people have a sense of duty, a sense of right and wrong whose source is God
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Sir Isaac Newton (1643 –1727), English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and theologian who claimed that the existence of the thumb alone was enough proof of God’s existence
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William Paley (1743 - 1805), developed the Design argument
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Religious experience –
an experience that is outside the normal experience, usually involving the supernatural
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God shows himself to believers. This is the only way anybody can really know anything about God
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The Design argument quote
In the absence of any other proof, the thumb alone would convince me of God's existence. (Isaac Newton)
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goodness, being all-loving (a quality of God)
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Charismatic worship
Christian worship, particularly in the Pentecostal Church, which is believed to be “filled with and led by the Holy Spirit”. This type of worship allows more freedom for people to respond to how they feel and faith healings andand speaking in tongues
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General revelation
God making himself known through ordinary, common human experiences
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almighty, unlimited power, all-powerful (a quality of God)
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the quality of knowing everything (as applied to God)
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Personal nature [of God]
the idea that God is an individual or person with whom people are able to have a relationship or feel close to (a quality of God)
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God shows himself to believers. This is the only way anybody can really know anything about God
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Special revelation
God making himself known through direct personal experience or an unusual specific event
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the idea that God is beyond and outside life on earth and the universe (a quality of God).
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Absolute truth
fixed, unalterable facts. Something which is true for all times and in all cultures.
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Impersonal force
the idea that evil is a power outside of people that draws them to evil
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Man-made suffering
suffering caused by the actions of humans, e.g. through war, pollution, crime
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Natural evil
the harm or damage that is done to people and the world as a result of the forces of nature and structure of the Earth
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Natural suffering
suffering caused by nature, e.g. because of earthquakes, floods, droughts, disease
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Psychological phenomenon
an idea about the nature of evil that it is something arising from the mind of a person
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A religious story explaining why humans suffer
The Fall (Original Sin)- Humans have free will. Adam & Eve used their free will and ate from the tree of knowledge – as a consequence they (and us) have knowledge of good and evil/suffering.
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referring to the origin and structure of the universe
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Cosmological revolution
development of scientific ideas that challenged religious belief in the late Middle Ages, for example that the earth is round and that the sun is the focal point of the universe.
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Charles Darwin (1809-1882) naturalist who developed the theory of evolution
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scientific belief that life forms have changed over time, developing from simple to complex creatures
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Natural selection
the animals or plants best suited to their environment survive, and those that are not suited or do not adapt die out
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Atheist / atheism


a person who believes that there is no god / the belief that no god exists

Card 3




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Theist / Theism


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