RS Ethics

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Abstinence
Refraining from sex
1 of 79
Adultery
Being unfaithful to your husband or wife
2 of 79
Annulment
When a marriage is ended because it was not a true marriage in the first place
3 of 79
Celibacy
Living without sexual relationships
4 of 79
Cohabitation
Living together
5 of 79
Commitment
An engagement or obligation
6 of 79
Contraception
Birth control, methods used to deliberately prevent pregnancy
7 of 79
Divorce
The legal ending of a marriage
8 of 79
Heterosexuality
Being emotionally and sexually attracted to members of the opposite sex
9 of 79
Homosexuality
Being emotionally and sexually attracted to members of the same sex
10 of 79
Marriage
A legally recognised relationship between a husband and wife
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Monogamy
Marriage to one person at a time
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Polygamy
Marriage to more that one person at a time
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Promiscuity
Having a lot of casual relationships
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Rhythm Method
A method of avoiding conception favoured by the Roman Catholic Church, by which sexual intercourse is restricted to the times of a woman's menstrual cycle when ovulation is least likely to occur
15 of 79
Sacrament
Something which cannot be undone
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Sacred
Holy, special
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Vows
Sacred promises a couple make at the marriage
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Civil partnership
Same sex couple are given the same rights and responsibilities as a civil marriage
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Abortion
Ending a pregnancy before a baby is born, deliberately ending a pregnancy
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AID
Artificial Insemination by Donor - where a sperm donor other than the husband is used for a fertility treatment
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AIH
Artificial Insemination by Husband - where the husband's sperm is used for a fertility treatment
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Assisted suicide
Helping someone end his/her own life
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Cloning
Copying the exact DNA of a living creature to create new living cells
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Denomination
Strand of Christianity e.g. Anglican, Baptist, Roman Catholic
25 of 79
Double effect
A Roman Catholic doctrine which says that it's wrong to kill deliberately, but that death is sometimes a side-effect of another acceptable practice such as pain relief
26 of 79
Embryo
A foetus before it is 4 months old
27 of 79
Euthanasia
'mercy-killing' to allow a gentle and easy death
28 of 79
Fertility treatment
Medical treatment to help couples who want a baby but cannot conceive naturally
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Involuntary euthanasia
When the decision to have euthanasia is made on behalf of an individual by someone else
30 of 79
IVF
In Vitro Fertilisation - Where an egg is fertilised in laboratory conditions, then implanted in the womb
31 of 79
Miscarriage
Where a foetus is expelled from the womb before it is able to survive independently
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Procured abortion (also known as termination)
When a pregnancy is deliberately ended before the birth
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The Samaritans
A non-religious organisation providing all year round emotional support via helplines or online facilities
34 of 79
Sanctity
To be holy or sacred
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Suicide
The deliberate ending of a person's own life
36 of 79
Voluntary euthanasia
Providing euthanasia when an individual asks for it
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Absolute pacifism
The belief that war is always wrong, even in self defence
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Active pacifist
Someone who gets involved in politics to bring about peace
39 of 79
Capital punishment
The death penalty
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Conditional pacifist
War is wrong in principle but can sometimes be the lesser of two evils
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Conscientious objector
Someone who refuses to participate in war because of their beliefs
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Deterrence
The threat of punishment to deter people from committing crimes e.g. the death penalty
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Human rights
Fundamental rights a person is entitled to because he/she is a human being
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Justice
Just (fair) behaviour or treatment
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Just War
A military actions that is justified as being permissible for legal, moral or religious reasons
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Liberation Theology
A movement in Catholic theology which uses the example of Jesus to liberate people from unjust economic, political or social conditions
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Oppression
Cruel or unfair treatment by a government
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Pacifism
The belief that war and violence should be avoided
49 of 79
Proportionality
Force can only be met with equal force
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Quaker
A member of the peaceful Christian denomination
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Reparation
The action of making amends for a wrong one has been done
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Retribution
Something given or demanded in repayment, especially punishment
53 of 79
Protection
In terms of punishment it is about keeping society safe e.g. through the prison system
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Reform
Changing something that is wrong. In the case of punishment it is trying to get the criminal to change their behaviour
55 of 79
Selective pacifism
The belief that certain types of warfare are acceptable but others are unacceptable e.g. nuclear warfare
56 of 79
Social justice
The concern that everyone should be treated fairly regardless of their background
57 of 79
Violence
Use of physical force with intention to harm
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Discrimination
Unfair treatment based on prejudice
59 of 79
Ecumenical
Different Christian denominations working together
60 of 79
Ecumenism/Ecumenical movement
The idea that all different Christian groups should be united together/people who work to improve understanding between Christian groups
61 of 79
Equality
Treating people as equals regardless of gender, race or religious beliefs
62 of 79
Exclusivism
The belief that only one particular religion is true
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Eucharist
The Christian ceremony commemorating the Last Supper
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Evangelical
Sharing beliefs and trying to persuade others to follow them
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Feminist
Someone who seeks to promote the equality of women
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Forgiveness
The act of excusing a sin or wrongdoing
67 of 79
Inclusivism
A belief of some Christians that you should follow the teachings of Jesus to go to heaven but some members of other religions may be able to go to heaven
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Interfaith dialogue
Discussions to work to help understanding between different faiths
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Missionary work
Work carried out for a religion often involving being sent abroad to do charity work and try to convert people
70 of 79
Misogynist
Someone who dislikes women e.g. because they think women are inferior
71 of 79
Misogyny
Dislike of women
72 of 79
Prejudice
Prejudging something or someone without good reason or without full knowledge of a situation
73 of 79
Proselytising
Trying to convert people to one's own religion
74 of 79
Racism
Prejudice, discrimination or ill treatment against someone because of their race
75 of 79
Reconciliation
Bringing opposing people or groups back together again
76 of 79
Religious pluralism
A belief that accepts all religions as equally valid and correct and can coexist
77 of 79
Repentance
Sincere regret for one's actions
78 of 79
Sexism
Prejudice, stereotyping or discrimination, typically against women, on the basis of sex
79 of 79

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Being unfaithful to your husband or wife

Back

Adultery

Card 3

Front

When a marriage is ended because it was not a true marriage in the first place

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Living without sexual relationships

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Living together

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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