RS - TOPIC 3

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God
An ultimate being. A deity which is believed to be the one behind everything. For example, god created and sustains the world
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Synbolism
Something which points to or explains something else.Many religions have symbolic actions and ideas. For examples, Christians wear a cross as a symbol of Jesus.
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Revelation
Something shown or explained that was previously hidden. Religions have revealed truths and these are important in the faith. For example, God reveals himself through miracles
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Awe
Completely overwhelmed by a sense of God's presence. In many religious traditions experiencing God or his presence is sought through various ways. For example, feeling the presence of God when entering a church.
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Community
A group of people with something in common; faith communities share beliefs and practices. For example, Christians praying together.
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Afterlife
The belief that there is some kind of life after death of the body. Many religions have beliefs in a heaven or a place where souls or spirits go when the body dies. For example, Christians believe in heaven and hell.
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Omnipotent
All powerful
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Omniscient
All knowing
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Omnipresent
Everywhere at the same time
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Omnibenevolent
All loving
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Transcendent
Beyond human understanding. God is an independant of the universe and physical existence. God continually seeks to reveal himself to his creation.
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In Christianity, what is the Trinity?
The idea that there are three forms of God together as one.
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What are these three forms?
Father, son and holy spirit
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What does God the Father do?
Created the universe, protects and looks after his creation, he is the judge and punisher when humans do wrong
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What does God the Son do?
God in human form -Jesus. Healed people, taught people, showed love and respect, sacrificed its human form to bridge gap between creation and God.
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What does God the Holy Spirit do?
God in spirit form, lives in all christians, your conscience, often appears as a dove (a symbol of peace)
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In Hinduism, what is the Trimurti
Three different forms of their god Brahman.
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What are these three forms?
Brahma the Creator, Vishnu the Preserver and Shiva the Destoryed/Recreator
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What does Brahma the Creator do?
Created the world and everything in it, least worshipped, four heads and recites the Vedas continually, the creator
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What does Vishnu the Preserver do?
The protector and sustainer of life and the world, worshipped under several names as he has different appearences, believed he has come to the earth i 9 bodies, most famous are Krishna and Rama
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What does Shiva the Destroyer/Recreator do?
Shiva controls life and death and good and evil. This is shown by him having four hands. Shiva is worshipped by about a quarter of all Hindus, controls cycle of samsara because he controls death and recreation
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What are ways to experience God?
Miracles, prayer, worship, acts of kindness, inner feeling, natural beauty
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In Christianity, what is meant by act of kindness to experience God?
Such as donating money to the poor. This is following the Jesus teaching 'love thy neighbour' by showing respect for all of humanity
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In Christianity, what is meant by worship to experience God?
Christians worship on a sunday which re-enacts the last supper and remembers Jesus' sacrifice. Jesus instructed his disciples to take bread and wine. "Take and eat; this is my body" "Drink from it, this is my blood" Christians do this in memory.
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In Christianity, what is meant by natural beauty to experience God?
God created everything in the universe, therefore even touching a blade of grass, can allow you to experience God as nature is a part of him.
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In Christianity, what is meant by inner feeling to experience God?
You might feel a sense of awe when entering a church as you feel God's presence surround you
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In Christianity, what is meant by prayer to experience God?
Christians might experience God through prayers as they are communicating with him, for example, they may be thanking him or asking for forgiveness.
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In Christianity, what is meant by miracles to experience God?
Christians believe God reveals himself through miracles such as the visions of the virgin Mary that young Bernadette experienced or even take Pilgrimige to Lourdes in France, where a spring of holy water appeared after such as vision. Water has heali
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In Hinduism, what is meant by acts of kindness to experience God?
Hindues might eperience Brahman through acts of kindness, for example, a Hindu might perform their dharma to gain good karma by fighting injustice like Gandhi, or helping in a homeless shelter.
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In Hinduism, what is meant by worship to experience God?
Hindus worship daily which is called puja. A bell is rung to symbolise the beginning of a prayer and to awaken the God's. Hindu's give offerings of food, fruit and milk to the God's to receive blessings.
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In Hinduism, what is meant by natural beauty to experience God?
Brahma the creator created the whole universe and so you can experience Brahma through the River Ganges as it is believed to directly lead to Brahman
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In Hinduism, what is meant by inner feeling to experience God?
You might feel a sense of awe when entering a mandir as you feel the presence of the gods surround you
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In Hinduism, what is meant by prayers to experience God?
Hindus may offer prayers for example, of thanks or to ask for help.They may pray to the God Ganesha; as he is the remover of obstacles if they face a moral proble,, or Vishnu; the protector God if they are taking a long journey.
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In Hinduism, what is meant by miracles to experience God?
Hindus believe Brahman reveals himself through miracles such as the miracle of milk. In India, a statue of Ganesh reportedly drank the milk offered to him as a part of worship. Temples around the world were visited as part of experiencing Brahman
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How do Christians Worship?
In Ten Commandments, God tells Moses to "keep the Sabbath day holy" Christians worship on a Sunday,different church services: traditional and charismatic, allow you to express love in your own way to God. Bible teaches "sing to the lord"sosings hymns
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What if a Christian cannot get to church because of old age or illness?
A shrine of items can be used at home. Allows you to show your dedication and feel close to God.
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How do Hindus Worship?
Hindus put pictures and statues as part of their shrine at home. These are called murtis. it is treated holy. They sprinkle water over the murtis as the start of the worship to symbolise purity for prayer. A tilak mark is put on foreheads = third eye
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What ways are there to respond to God?
Pilgrimige, worship, acts of kindness, prayer, vocation
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In Christianity, what is meant by vocation to respond to God?
Christians can dedicate their life to God as a monk or a nun. They spend their life worshipping God to show your dedication and love.
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In Christianity, what is meant by pilgrimige to respond to God?
Christians may wish to feel close to God and express their faith in him by going on pilgrimige to Lourdes in France to remember miracle of Virgin Mary. They may go to be healed by holy water
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In Hinduism, what is meant by vocation to respond to God?
Hindus can dedicate their life to Brahman as a swami or a swamni. They spend their life worshipping Brahman to show their dedication and love.
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In Hinduism, what is meant by pilgrimige to respond to God?
Hindus might go on a pilgrimige to the river Ganges in India as it is believed to be sent by Brahman thorugh the giddess Ganga so is a direct link to him. The water purifies them of sin.
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What are symbols used for?
To express aspects of the religion, express belief and devotion, express moral values or teachings, bring followers closer to god
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In Christianity, what does the Cross represent?
When Jesus was resurrected after he had died to take sins from the world
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In Christianity, what does the Crucifix represent?
Jesus' suffering from when he died as the saviour of mankind
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In Christianity, what does the fish represent?
Secret symbol used after Jesus' death. When two strangers met and the other one wanted to find out if he was a Christian he would draw the upper half of the fish symbol. If the stranger was a Christian he would draw the lower half of the fish.Gon quk
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In Christianity, what does the candle represent?
Jesus being the light of the world. Darkness often symbolises sin, light symbolises when Jesus came to earth bringing salvation by sacrificing himself on the cross.
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In Hinduism, what does the Aum represent?
'Aum' is considered the noise in meditation. Also considered sacred as it was the noise that Brahman used to create the universe.
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In Hinduism, what does the Ganesha represent?
Power to overcome problems and obstacles. Hindus turn to him to ask for help in conquering hatred, anger and envy which can all prevent true worship and devotion.
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In Hinduism, what does the Murti represent?
Any object which can communicate God's presence in a personal way. Brings to life the presence of God and inspires love and devotion.
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What does the belief in afterlife give?
Gives people a purpose, it gives them a goal and it makes them face death with more confidence. Motivates people to be moral and help those in need to ensure the reward of a positive afterlife/reincarnation, a source of comfort for those facing death
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What is the Christian belief of afterlife?
When you die, the spiritual part of you lives on. If you were a bad person, you would go to hell. if you were a good person, you would go to heaven.
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What is the Roman Catholic belief of afterlife?
Believe same as Christian but more - a fiery place between Heaven and Hell called Purgatory. Almost everyone goes there to have bad sins burnt away. The more sins the longer time there.
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What are quotes of describing Heaven from the bible?
"neither shall there be mourning, nor crying, nor pain anymore", you will "see God"
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What are quotes of describing Hell from the bible?
a "fiery lake of burning sulfur", a place of "eternal punishment"
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What is Resurrection?
to bring a dead person back to life
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What is the Hindu belief of afterlife?
The soul (atman) lives on and reborn into another body. This continuous cycle of birth, death and rebirth is called Samsara or Reincarnation.
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What is Moksha?
Liberation from samsara; the cycle of birth, death and rebirth.
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What is a quote to support this?
"As a man casts off his worn-out clothes and takes on other new ones, so does the embodied soul cast off his worn-out bodies and enter other new."
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What do Catholics believe about Funerals?
They try to confess sins to a priest before they die so they can reach a new pure life in heaven. Incense is sprinkled over the coffin and the smoke rising is a symbol of prayer to reach heaven.
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What do Christians believe about the Resurrection of the body?
Some Christians believe the body is not needed for the afterlife as the soul detaches and allows cremation
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In Christianity, what does the anointing the person with holy oil represent?
Put on the persons head, and maybe on the hands and feet. Symbolises the cleaning of the mind and spirit.
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In Christianity, why are flowers used in funerals?
To comfort the relatives and represent the beauty of the life to come in heaven and God's creation.
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In Christianity, why are hymns used in funerals?
Sung as a source of support for mourners that their loved one is protected by God.
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In Christianity, why are lit candles used in funerals?
Reminds Christians that Jesus was the light of the world and that there is still hope in the face of death
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In Christianity, why are prayers used in funerals?
Protestants usually give thanks to God for the life of the person. Catholics will often pray for the soul of the dead person and hope to reduce purgatory time.
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In Christianity, why is part of the bible read in funerals?
The bible reading is usually about heaven and Jesus' promise of eternal life for all believers for example Jesus said "I am the resurrection and the life" or "My Father's house has many rooms" Mourners will pray for safe passage into heaven.
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What do Hindu's believe about funerals?
Many Hindus are cremated as it is believed that this will help their atman (soul) to escape quickly from the body. It is placed on a funeral pyre (fire) by a harijan (untouchable) as it seen as unclean to touch a dead body.
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What happens before the body is put on a funeral pyre?
The dead body is washed and wrapped in white cloth called a shroud to symbolise purity in preparation for reincarnation
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In a Hindu cremation bonfire ceremony, what does the incense and ghee represent?
Poured into the flames. It is made out of butter/cows milk and cows are considered sacred in Hinduism because Shiva is depicted with one
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In a Hindu cremation bonfire ceremony, what does the lamp represent?
Symbolises spiritual knowledge and a picture of the deceased's favorite deity should be kept by the deceased's head: symbolising their faith and dedication to their chosen God.
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In a Hindu cremation bonfire ceremony, what does the prayers represent?
Such as "O Supreme light, lead us from untruth to truth, from darkness to light and from death to immortality" and hymns are sung to comfort the mourners in the hope of reaching moksha.
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In a Hindu cremation bonfire ceremony, what does the Pindas represent?
Rice balls which are placed in the coffin as an offering to the gods to receive blessings.
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In a Hindu cremation bonfire ceremony, what does the water represent?
Sprinkled on body as sign of purity
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In a Hindu cremation bonfire ceremony, what does the mala represent?
Necklace of wooden beads may be put around the dead person's neck or garlands of flowers as a reminder of Brahman's creation
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What happens to the ashes?
Sprinkled on water. Many people take the ashes to India to put on waters of river ganges
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What is done as a reminder of the person?
Shraddha which is celebrated every year. Prayers are said and offerings are made to the family gods to receive blessings. Those offerings are then offered to birds in belief that this helps their journey towards Moksha.
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Why does religion still have value in today's society?
It gives people greater meaning to life, promises of afterlife so moral behaviour is encouraged, influenced society to adopt holy teachings, teaches morals (right and wrong), source of comfort in times of need
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Why has religion lost value/has little value in today's society?
Religious belief is a cause for war/ conflict, causes segregation between different people of different faiths, science is replacing religion, strict rules are out of date, beliefs can be very discriminatory
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Card 2

Front

Synbolism

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Something which points to or explains something else.Many religions have symbolic actions and ideas. For examples, Christians wear a cross as a symbol of Jesus.

Card 3

Front

Revelation

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Awe

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Community

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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