RS Edexcel key words

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  • Created by: amarag
  • Created on: 06-03-16 18:47
Agnosticism
Not being sure whether God exists.
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Atheism
Believing that God does not exist.
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Conversion
When your life is changed by giving yourself to God.
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Free will
The idea that human beings are free to make their own decisions.
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Miracle
An event that seems to break a law of science and makes you think that only God could have done it.
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Moral evil
Actions done by humans that cause suffering.
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Natural evil
Things that cause suffering but have nothing to do with humans.
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Numinous
A feeling of the presence of something greater than you.
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Omni-benevolent
The idea that God is all-good, or all-loving.
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Omnipotent
The idea that God is all-powerful.
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Omniscient
The idea that God knows everything that has happened, and everything that is going to happen.
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Prayer
An attempt to contact God, usually through words.
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Abortion
The removal of a foetus from the womb by operation, before it can survive.
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Assisted suicide
Providing a seriously ill person with the means to commit suicide.
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Euthanasia
The painless killing of someone who is dying from a painful disease.
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Immortality of the soul
The idea that the soul lives on after the death of the body
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Near-death experience
When somebody who is about to die has an out-of-body experience.
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Non-voluntary euthanasia
Ending someone’s life painlessly when they are unable to ask, but you have good reason to think they would want you to do so.
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Paranormal
Unexplained things that are thought to have spiritual causes, e.g. ghosts and mediums.
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Quality of life
The idea that life has to have some benefits for it to be worth living.
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Reincarnation
The idea that, after death, the soul is reborn into another body.
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Resurrection
The idea that, after death, the body stays in the grave until the end of the world when it is raised.
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Sanctity of life
The idea that all life is holy and belongs to God.
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Voluntary euthanasia
The painless killing of someone who is in great pain and asks for death.
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Adultery
A sexual act between a married person and someone other than their marriage partner.
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Civil partnership
A legal ceremony that gives homosexual couples the same legal rights as a husband and wife.
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Cohabitation
Living together without being married.
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Contraception
Intentionally preventing pregnancy from occurring.
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Faithfulness
Staying with your marriage partner and having sex with only them.
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Homosexuality
Sexual attraction to the same sex.
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Nuclear family
A mother, father and children living together as a unit.
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Pre-marital sex
Having sex before marriage.
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Procreation
Making new life, or the idea that the purpose of life and sex is to have children.
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Promiscuity
Having sex with a number of different partners without commitment.
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Re-constituted family
Where two sets of children (stepbrothers and stepsisters) become one family when their divorced parents marry each other.
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Re-marrying
Marrying again after being divorced from a previous marriage.
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Community cohesion
A common vision and shared sense of belonging for all groups in a society.
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Discrimination
Treating people less favourably because of their ethnicity, gender, colour,age, class or sexuality.
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Ethnic minority
A member of an ethnic group (race) that is much smaller than the majority group.
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Interfaith marriages
Marriage where the husband and wife are from different religions.
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Multi-ethnic society
Many different races and cultures living together in one society.
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Multi-faith society
Many different religions living together in one society.
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Prejudice
Believing that some people are inferior or superior without even knowing them.
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Racial harmony
Many different races/colours living together happily.
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Racism
The belief that some races are superior to others.
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Religious freedom
The right to practise your religion and to change your religion.
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Religious pluralism
Accepting all religions as having an equal right to coexist.
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Sexism
Discriminating against people because of their gender.
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Bible
The holy book of Christians.
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Church
The community of Christians, or a Christian place of worship.
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Conscience
An inner feeling of the rightness or wrongness of an action.
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The Decalogue
The Ten Commandments.
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Democratic processes
The ways in which all citizens can take part in government, usually through elections.
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Electoral processes
The ways in which voting is organised.
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The Golden Rule
The teaching of Jesus that you should treat everyone as you would like to be treated.
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Human rights
The rights and freedoms to which everyone is entitled.
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Political party
A group that tries to be elected into power on the basis of its policies.
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Pressure group
A group formed to influence government policy on a particular issue.
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Situation Ethics
The idea that Christians should base all moral decisions on what is the most loving thing to do.
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Social change
The way in which society has changed and is changing, and also the possibilities for future change.
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Artificial insemination
Injecting s.e.m.e.n into the uterus by artificial means.
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Conservation
Protecting and preserving natural resources and the environment.
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Creation
The act of creating the universe, or the universe that has been created.
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Embryo
A fertilised egg in the first eight weeks after conception.
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Environment
The surroundings in which plants and animals live, and on which they depend to live.
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Global warming .
The increase in temperature of the Earth’s atmosphere, thought to be caused by the greenhouse effect
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Infertility
Not being able to have children.
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In-vitro fertilisation
The method of fertilising a human egg in a test tube.
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Natural resources
Naturally occurring materials, such as oil and fertile land, which can be used by humans.
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Organ donation
Giving organs to be used in transplant surgery.
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Stewardship
Looking after something so that it can be passed on to the next generation.
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Surrogacy
An arrangement whereby a woman bears a child on behalf of another woman or where an egg is donated and fertilised by the husband through IVF and then implanted into the wife's uterus.
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Aggression
Attacking without being provoked
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Bullying
Intimidating or frightening someone weaker than yourself
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Conflict resolution
Bringing a fight or struggle to a peaceful conclusion
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Exploitation
Taking advantage of a weaker group
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Forgiveness
Ceasing to blame and/or pardoning someone for what they have done wrong
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Just war
A war that is fought for all the right reasons and in a right way
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Pacifism
The belief that all disputes should be settled via peaceful means
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Reconciliation
Bringing together people who were previously opposed to each other
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Respect
Treating a person and their feelings with consideration
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The United Nations
An international body set up to promote world peace and cooperation
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Weapons of mass destruction
Weapons that can destroy large areas of land and numbers of people
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World peace
The ending of war throughout the whole world; the basic aim of the United Nations.
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Addiction
A recurring compulsion to engage in an activity, regardless of its bad effects.
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Capital punishment
The death penalty for a crime or offence.
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Crime
An act against the law.
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Deterrence
The idea that punishments should be of such a nature that they put people off (i.e. deter them from) committing crimes.
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Judgement
The act of judging people and their actions.
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Justice
Due allocation of reward and punishment, or the maintenance of what is right.
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Law
Rules made by Parliament and enforceable by the courts.
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Reform
The idea that punishments should change criminals so that they will not commit crimes again.
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Rehabilitation
The restoration back into normal life.
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Responsibility
Being responsible for one’s actions.
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Retribution
The idea that punishments should make the criminal pay for what they have done wrong.
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Sin
An act against the will of God.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Believing that God does not exist.

Back

Atheism

Card 3

Front

When your life is changed by giving yourself to God.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The idea that human beings are free to make their own decisions.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

An event that seems to break a law of science and makes you think that only God could have done it.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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