RS - Buddhism Key Words p.8-22

Buddhism
A religion founded around 2500 years ago by Siddhartha Gautama
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Buddha
A title given to someone who as achieved enlightenment; usually used to refer to Siddhartha Gautama
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The four sights
Old age, illness, death, and a holy man; these four sights led the Buddha to leave his life of luxury in the palace
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Jataka
The Jataka tales are popular stories about the lives of the Buddha
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Ascetic
Living a simple and strict lifestyle with few pleasures or possessions; someone who follows ascetic practices
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Meditation
A practice of calming and focusing the mind, and reflecting deeply on specific teachings to penetrate their true meaning
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Enlightenment
The gaining of true knowledge about God, self or the nature of reality, usually through meditation or self discipline; in Buddhist, Hindu or Sikh traditions, gaining freedom from the cycle of rebirths
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Mara
A demon that represents spiritual obstacles, especially temptation
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The three watches of the night
The three realisations that the Buddha made in order to achieve enlightenment
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The five ascetics
The Buddha's first five students; five monks who followed ascetic practices
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Dhamma (Dharma)
The Buddha's teachings
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Pali
The language of the earliest Buddhist scriptures
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Sanskrit
The language used in later Indian Buddhist texts
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Dependent arising
The idea that all things arise in dependence upon conditions
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The Tibetan Wheel of Life
An image that symbolises samsara, often found in Tibetan Buddhist monasteries and temples
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Nidanas
12 factors that illustrate the process of birth, death and rebirth
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Samsara
The repeating cycle of birth, life, death and rebirth
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Kamma (karma)
A person's actions; the idea that skilful actions result in happiness and unskilful ones in suffering
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Nibbana (nirvana)
A state of complete enlightenment, happiness and peace
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Dukkha
The first noble truth: there is suffering
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Anicca
Impermanence; the idea that everything changes
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Card 2

Front

A title given to someone who as achieved enlightenment; usually used to refer to Siddhartha Gautama

Back

Buddha

Card 3

Front

Old age, illness, death, and a holy man; these four sights led the Buddha to leave his life of luxury in the palace

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The Jataka tales are popular stories about the lives of the Buddha

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Living a simple and strict lifestyle with few pleasures or possessions; someone who follows ascetic practices

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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