Rosenhan (1973)

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What was Rosenhan's study based on?
Diagnosing abnormality
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What was the aim of Rosenhan's study?
Investigate whether the sane can be distinguished from the insane
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What were the two studies?
1. If normal patients could be admitted into psychiatric hospitals and if they would be discovered 2. Whether genuine insane patients could be identified as sane
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What were the participants in study 1?
8 pseudopatients over the age of 20 including rosenhan, 3 were female, 5 were male, all used fake names and those with careers in mental health claimed to have a different occupation
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Who's new about rosenhans study?
hospital administrator, chief psychologist
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What setting(s) were used in study 1
12 hospitals, across 5 different states in USA
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What did the pseudopatients say to the staff?
They could hear voices which were unfamiliar and of the same sex
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What information did the pseudopatients truthfully give?
Their age, occupation(if they were't in the medical profession) relationships
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Who released the pseudopatients from the hospitals?
No one, they had to get themselves out
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What happened once the pseudopatients had been admitted?
They acted normally and attempted to engage in conversation, and told staff they were no longer experiencing any problems and pretended to take prescriptive medicine without fuss
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What type of research method was used in study 1?
Field experiment
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What was the independent variable in study 1?
Symptoms of illness
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What was the dependent variable?
Whether or not the pseudopatients were admitted to a psychiatric hospital, diagnosis and recordings of experiences
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How many pseudopateints were successfully admitted?
Pseudopateints were successfully admitted to 12 hospitals
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What were the pseudopatients admitted with?
All but one were admitted with schizophrenia
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How long did pseudopatients stay in the hospitals
it ranged from 7 to 52 days. Average stay was 19 days
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How many actual patients had suspicion about the sanity of the psudopatients?
35 out of 118 genuine patients
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What type of diagnosis was mainly incorrect in study 1?
Type 2 diagnosis - diagnosing a healthy person as ill
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What did the pseudopatients say they experienced as a result of the study?
Powerlessness and denationalization
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What were the participants in study 2?
Psychiatric hospital staff who were briefed on the results of study 1
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What were staff at the hospitals told in study 2?
During a 3 month period one or more psudopatients would try gain admission into the hospital
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What were the hospital staff asked to do in study 2?
rate each patient admitted during the period from 1-10 on the likelihood the patient was an imposter
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How many patients admitted were rated with high confidence to be pseudopatients?
41
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How many pseudopatients were actually admitted during the 3 month period?
none
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What type of diagnosis was incorrect in study 2?
Diagnosis 1 - identifying mentally ll patients as normal
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What conclusion did rosenhan make from study 1?
Psychiatrists are unable t reliably identify sane patients
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What conclusion did rosenhan make from study 2?
Psychiatrists fail to reliably detect insanity
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Card 2

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What was the aim of Rosenhan's study?

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Investigate whether the sane can be distinguished from the insane

Card 3

Front

What were the two studies?

Back

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Card 4

Front

What were the participants in study 1?

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Card 5

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Who's new about rosenhans study?

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