Rosenhan and Seligman

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  • Created by: Steff06
  • Created on: 31-05-16 09:20
What are the 4 sections of the criteria in this study?
Statistical infrequency, deviation from social norms, failure to function adequately, deviation from ideal mental health.
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Describe statistical infrequency
Abnormality refers to behaviours not seen often in society. This is difficult to use on its own. Some behaviours e.g. substance abuse are common but could be said to be abnormal. There has to be more to it than numbers.
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Explain deviation from social norms
Definition that if society does not approve of a behaviour, then it is dysfunctional. Some behaviours will be dysfunctional in some countries but not others. Sense of rightness - that what society says is right and everyone else is wrong.
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Describe what failure to function adequately refers to
If a person is not functioning in a way that enables them to live independently in society, then they are dysfunctional. Several ways they can be dysfunctional.
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Describe one type of dysfunctional behaviour
Obsessive compulsive disorder where a person cannot go out because of the rituals they need to undertake before they can leave.
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Describe a distressing behaviour
Not being able to go out of the house is distressing for agoraphobics.
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Describe a behaviour that makes a person feel uncomfortable
Behaviour that makes a person watching the patient feel uncomfortable such as when a person is talking to themselves whilst sitting next to you on a bus.
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Describe an example of unpredictable behaviour
Dramatic mood swings or sudden impulses.
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Give an example of irrational behaviour
When a person thinks they are being followed or that people are talking about them. Could lead to failure to function adequately.
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What may be the most useful definition?
Failure to function adequately.
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What is an issue with this?
The context of the behaviour might influence our view of it. E.g. we may talk to ourselves, a person who was involved in a fire may repeatedly check appliances are off. It can be subjective.
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Describe deviation from ideal mental health
Take the view that is you lack one thing such as health, you must have the opposite e.g. illness.
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What did Jahoda suggest we should be to have ideal mental health?
Have a positive view of ourselves, be capable of personal growth, independent and self-regulating, have an accurate view of reality, resistant to stress, be able to adapt to our environment.
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What is the bias problem here?
Problem with culture bias as Jahoda's ideal mental health image is based on Western individualist cultures and relies on the subjective view of the clinician.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Describe statistical infrequency

Back

Abnormality refers to behaviours not seen often in society. This is difficult to use on its own. Some behaviours e.g. substance abuse are common but could be said to be abnormal. There has to be more to it than numbers.

Card 3

Front

Explain deviation from social norms

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Describe what failure to function adequately refers to

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Describe one type of dysfunctional behaviour

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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