Roots/Development of English

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  • Created by: elm
  • Created on: 07-12-15 13:41
Name the Non Indo-European Languages in Europe
Finno-Ugric (Finnish, Hungrian, Estonian) AND Basque (not related to any surviving language)
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What is the name of the Anglo-Saxon runic Alphabet?
Futhorc
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Why is the runic alphabet this way?
So it is easy to carve into wood/stone
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Name the runes
Feoh, Ur, Thorn, Os, Rad, Cen
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What do the first 6 runes mean?
cattle, bison, thorn, god, journey torch
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When was the conversion to Christianity and how long did it take?
597 AD and was completed approximately 80 years later
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How old is the Sutton Hoo burial and who is believed to be buried there?
7th Century and King Raewald of East Anglia (600-624 AD)
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When was the First Viking Age?
780 - 900 AD
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When were the raids on Lindisfarne, Northumbria?
793 AD
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How old are the Lindisfarne Gospels and what did they feature?
720 AD and carpet pages
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Symbols of Evangelists
Matthew. Winged Man. Mark. Winged Lion. Luke. Winged Ox. John. Eagle.
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What's the date and place of The Codex Aureus?
9th Century Kent
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When did King Alfred of Wessex rule? How did he keep Danes away?
871 -899 AD. Danelaw treaty with Guthrum
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How long did the first King of England rule and what was his name?
Ӕthelstan 927 – 939 AD
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When was the Second Viking age and what happened?
In 980 - 1066 Danes and Norwegians settled in England
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Swegen Forkbeard dates
1013 -1014 AD
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What do BY, THORP, TOFT and THWAITE mean?
By = Village, Thorp = Farm, Toft = Homestead, Thwaite = Meadow
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Norse Loan words:
ill, die, skirt, egg, bag, window, sky, ugly, odd, smile, call, take, they, their, them
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Important points about Early West Saxon...
9th Century, aestel, Anglosaxon Chronicle
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Important points about Late West Saxon...
10th- 11th Century, AElfric and Wulfstan, poetry
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S between vowels
/z/
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f between vowels
/v/
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þ between vowels
[ð] as in thy
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þ elsewhere
/ɵ/ as in thigh
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c generally, and before a, o, u,y
/k/
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c before, e, i, and often finally after æ, e, i, y
/tʃ/ as in ch
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g often before e, i and often finally after æ, e, i, y
/j/ as in yes
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g after a, o, u or between two of these vowels
/w/
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sc
/ʃ/ as in sh
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cg
/ʤ/ as in gin
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Nominative Singular
se cyning
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Accusative Singular
þone cyning
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Genitive Singluar
þæs cyninges
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Dative Singular
þæm cyninge
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Nominative Plurual
þā cyningas
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Accusative Plural
þā cyningas
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Genative Plural
þāra cyninga
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Dative Plural
þæm cyningum
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the name of the Anglo-Saxon runic Alphabet?

Back

Futhorc

Card 3

Front

Why is the runic alphabet this way?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Name the runes

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What do the first 6 runes mean?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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