Romans

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what period did the romans rule in
43AD to 410AD
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what did emperor justinian do
organised laws into one simple system, innoncent until proved guilty etc
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what were common crimes
selling underweight bread, mugging, assault, theft, murder and rebellion against the emperor
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did they have a police force
no, suspects were taken to the local centurion who decided whether the case should be tried
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what did the provincial governor do
dealt with important cases
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what did the magistrates do
dealt with minor cases in local courts
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what did punishment depend on
society/crime committed
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how were slaves and soldiers punished
due to their low status very harshly
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how were minor crimes punished
by flogging, beating, whipping and fines
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how were major crimes punished
by amputation
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how were serious crimes punished
by execution or exile
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how was treason punisehd
crucifixion or made to be a gladiator
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what were ordinary citizens put to death for
arson, attacking the emperor, robbing temples or stealing farm animals
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on what condition could slaves give evidence at trials
if they had been tortured first
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Tithings
Group of ten men responsible for eachother
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Hue and cry
Villagers are expected to chase down the criminal
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Trial by jury
Made up of villagers who knew accused
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Trial by ordeal
God decides, hot iron, hot water
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Blood fues
Legal right to take revenge of one of your family is murdered
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Wergeld
Compensation paid for each part of the body
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Treason
Punishment by death
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NORMANS
Very strict king so less laws broken
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Most crimes
Theft of money, food and belongings of low value, less violent crimes
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What did they have the same as Saxons
Hue and cry, tithings, trial by ordeal
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What did they introduce
Trial by combat
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Benefit of clergy
Read neck verse to be tried as clergyman
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Wergeld
Now paid to the king not victim
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Norman's outnumbered
300:1
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What increased
Power of king and church
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Card 2

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what did emperor justinian do

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organised laws into one simple system, innoncent until proved guilty etc

Card 3

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what were common crimes

Back

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Card 4

Front

did they have a police force

Back

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Card 5

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what did the provincial governor do

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