Romanian orphan studies: effects of institutionalisation

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  • Created by: Gottowork
  • Created on: 15-05-16 09:38
What is institutionalisation?
The effects of living in an institutional setting, children live for long, continuous periods of time. Very little emotional care provided
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Why did institutionalisation rise in Romania?
President wanted to increase population, so required Romanian woman to have 5 children, no contraception or abortion
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Describe the procedure of Rutter's ERA study
165 orphans adopted in Britain, physical, cognitive and emotional development tested at ages 4, 6, 11 and 15 years. 52 British children adopted control group
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What did Rutter find?
Mental retardation, severely undernourished when got to UK. Mean IQ adopted before 6 months 102, 86 after 6 months. 77 after 2 years. After 6 months = disinhibited attachment
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What did Zeanah et al. do in The Bucharest Early Intervention project?
Assessed attachment in 95 children 12-31 months, most of their lives in institutional care. Control group 50 children. Carers asked about unusual behaviour
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What did Zeanah et al. find?
74% control group secure, 19% of institutional, 65% disorganised. Disinhibited attachment to 44% of institutionalised children
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What are the two effects of institutionalisation?
Disinhibited attachment - equally friendly to everyone, attention-seeking, due to multiple carers. Mental retardation - recovered if adoption takes place before the age of six months
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How do the Romanian orphan studies have real life application?
Improvements in the way children are cared for, e.g. key workers play central role to avoid disinhibited attachment. Research immensely valuable
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Why is the Romanian orphanages being atypical an issue?
Conditions so bad - particularly poor standards of care, extremely low levels of intellectual stimulation. Unusual situational variables mean lack of generalisability
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Why are there fewer extraneous variables than other orphan studies?
Children had experienced loss or trauma before, e.g. neglect, abuse. Had confounding participant variables, so Romanian orphan studies have internal validity
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Card 2

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Why did institutionalisation rise in Romania?

Back

President wanted to increase population, so required Romanian woman to have 5 children, no contraception or abortion

Card 3

Front

Describe the procedure of Rutter's ERA study

Back

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Card 4

Front

What did Rutter find?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

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What did Zeanah et al. do in The Bucharest Early Intervention project?

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