Romanian orphan studies

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: IvyVega
  • Created on: 20-05-18 16:42
disinhibited attachment
the child is equally friendly and affectionate towards people they know well or who are strangers. this may be an adaptation to multiple caregivers.
1 of 12
damage to intellectual development
institutionalised children often show signs of mental retardation. this effect is not as pronounced if the children are adopted before 6 months of age.
2 of 12
procedure (Rutter et al)- part 1
the researchers have followed a group of 165 romanian orphans who experienced very poor conditions before being adopted in Britain
3 of 12
procedure (Rutter)- part 2
this longitudinal study has tested the extent to which good care can make up for poor early experiences in institutions. physical, cognitive and emotional development has been assessed at 4, 6, 11 and 15 years.
4 of 12
findings (Rutter)- part 1
half of the orphans showed mental retardation when they came to the UK. at age 11 recovery rates were related to their age of adoption: those adopted before 6 months had a mean IQ of 102, 6 months to two years IQ of 102. after 2 years IQ of 77.
5 of 12
findings (Rutter)- part 2
frequency of disinhibited attachment related to the age of adoption. apparent in children adopted after they were 6 months old. rare in children adopted before the age of 6 months.
6 of 12
findings (Rutter)- part 3
these findings support the view that there is a sensitive period in the development of attachments, the failure to form an attachment before the age of 6 months appears to have long-lasting effects.
7 of 12
procedure (Zeanah et al)- part 1
the researchers used the strange situation to assess attachment in 95 children aged 12-31 months who had spent most of their lives in institutional care they were compared to a control group of 50 children who had never experienced institutional care
8 of 12
findings (Zeanah et al)- part 2
only 19% of the institutionalised group were securely attached. 65% classified with disorganised attachment
9 of 12
strength 1- Rutter- important practical applications
results from this research have led to improvements in the way children are cared for in institutions. childrens homes now avoid having large numbers of caregivers for each child.
10 of 12
limitation 1- Rutter- issues with generalisability
the conditions of the orphanages are so bad that the results may not apply to institutional care or general situations of deprivation. Romanian orphanages had particularly poor standards of care, especially when it came to forming any relationships.
11 of 12
limitation 2- long term effects are not yet clear
it is to soon to say for certain whether children suffered short or long term effects because the adopted orphans have only been followed into their mid-teens.
12 of 12

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

institutionalised children often show signs of mental retardation. this effect is not as pronounced if the children are adopted before 6 months of age.

Back

damage to intellectual development

Card 3

Front

the researchers have followed a group of 165 romanian orphans who experienced very poor conditions before being adopted in Britain

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

this longitudinal study has tested the extent to which good care can make up for poor early experiences in institutions. physical, cognitive and emotional development has been assessed at 4, 6, 11 and 15 years.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

half of the orphans showed mental retardation when they came to the UK. at age 11 recovery rates were related to their age of adoption: those adopted before 6 months had a mean IQ of 102, 6 months to two years IQ of 102. after 2 years IQ of 77.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Attachment resources »