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What did they think caused illness?
Imbalance of 4 humours; Natural causes; Crinas of Massilia thought illness was caused by stars; Varro blamed animals too tiny to see; Columella blamed poisonous vapours in swamps.
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What did they think cured illness?
Balancing humours; Theory of opposites (galen); Asclepious; Alsklepion temples; common sense cures.
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What did romans think of greek medicine theories at first?
They were suspicious.
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Why did romans build asklepion temples?
Because they needed to cure the 293bc plague.
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Who was Galen?
A greek doctor who trained in Alexandria.
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What parts of the body did Galen dissect an study?
lungs, muscles, heart, blood, the nervous system
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Why did Galen make so many mistakes?
Because dissection of human bodies was illegal, so he compensated by dissecting animals. This meant he got a lot wrong because he assumes the bodies were similar.
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What errors did Galen make?
He thought: Muscles were attached to bones, like dogs; blood was burnt for muscles; blood was made in liver; there was a hole in the septum of the heart so blood ran; mistook brain blood vessels; humans had 2 jaw bones, like dogs; wrong liver shape
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What was surgery like?
Practical first aid; removed polyps from nose; removed goitres from neck; midwifery instruments; c-section; no anaesthetics
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Who was pliny and what was his opinion?
He was a writer and he thought doctors were 'vein self-publicists' who tried their too clever theories at the cost of others lives.
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What part of medicine did doctors neglect?
The causes of illness.
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What were the hospitals for wounded soldiers called?
valetudinaria
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What did they think cured illness?

Back

Balancing humours; Theory of opposites (galen); Asclepious; Alsklepion temples; common sense cures.

Card 3

Front

What did romans think of greek medicine theories at first?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why did romans build asklepion temples?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Who was Galen?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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