Roman Games

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How many people did the Colosseum hold?
50, 000
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How many separate entrances were there?
80
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What would they do if the sun was beating down too hard?
They covered the spectators with an enormous awning to keep them cool
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What was the seating arrangement?
The emperor had his own box; the front rows were reserved for senators and other VIPs, behind them sat wealthier Romans, then soldiers, then common citizens. At the top were for women and slaves (the lowest level of society)
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Who paid for the games and why was it affective?
They were paid for by the Emperor or a magistrate hoping to become a Senator or Consul - an excellent opportunity for him to be seen by the people who shared their interests
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What were animals used for in the Colosseum?
Some were trained to perform tricks, e.g. elephants kneeling before the Emperor, fight different animals, for staged hunts or they would fight a bestiarius - armed with a hunting spear - and they were used for executions
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What did these games show?
The Emperor had control over the natural world and it had power over the far-lung parts of the world where these animals lived, e.g. Asia
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Why were gladiatorial games held?
To celebrate a public holiday or a Roman holiday
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What was the name for a student gladiator?
Ludi Gladiatorii - some of them slaves or prisoners-of-war who had to swear an oath to be loyal to their trainers
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What was the Samnite?
Armed with a crested helmet with a visor, a breastplate, a greave (shin-pad) on the left leg, a large shield and a short sword
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What was the Myrmillo?
The upper part of their body was bare, below they wore a loincloth and belt; a greave on the left leg and an arm guard on the right arm - carried a rectangular shield and a slashing sword - and a helmet decorated with a fish
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What was the Secutor?
Wore the same armour of a Myrmillo, but a Secutor's helmet was plain
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What was the Retiarius?
Armed with a trident, a net and a dagger; his head was are, while below he wore a belt, loincloth and a shoulder-piece on the left shoulder
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How did a gladiatorial game start?
They entered the arena, stopped in front of the Emperor and said, 'Hail Caesar! We who are about to die salute you.' Their trainers were nearby with slaves holding whips
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How did a gladiatorial game end?
If one gladiator was seriously wounded; the defeated could appeal for mercy from the Emperor (he would put his thumbs up to grant life and thumbs down for death, which showed the Emperor had the power over life and death).
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Who dragged the corpse of the defeated gladiator out of the arena?
An official dressed as Charon, the god who guided the dead into the Underworld
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How were gladiators respected?
After fighting well, he could be granted his freedom; women saw them as sex symbols and kept bottles of their sweat for keepsakes
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How many people did the Circus Maximus hold?
250, 000
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Who paid for the chariot racing?
The Emperor or a magistrate looking for popularity
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What was the seating arrangement?
Royal box, front seats for important citizens but otherwise they could sit where ever they wanted
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How many separate entrances were there?

Back

80

Card 3

Front

What would they do if the sun was beating down too hard?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the seating arrangement?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Who paid for the games and why was it affective?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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