Roles & Relationships

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  • Created by: Katharine
  • Created on: 23-03-14 12:03
SEGREGATED CONJUGAL ROLES
Separate roles
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JOINT CONJUGAL ROLES
Shared roles
2 of 40
PARSONS
Husband = INSTRUMENTAL, Wife = EXPRESSIVE
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WILMOTT & YOUNG (1971)
Families became SYMMETRICAL in 70s
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ANNE OAKLEY (1974)
77 hours housework per week, men do a few tasks to qualify as 'joint roles'
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ANNE OAKLEY
DOUBLE BURDEN: paid employment & domestic responsibilities
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GERSHUNY (1975)
Double burden leads to further inequality
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DUNSCOMBE & MARSDEN (1995)
TRIPLE SHIFT: paid employment, domestic responsibilities & emotional work
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GARROD (2005)
Women = DIALLS (do-it-alls)
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BURGHESS (1997)
Fathers take a more central role in emotional development of kids
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BECK (1992)
Men can't rely on careers for identity & fulfilment, being a 'dad' gives a sense of purpose
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CRISIS OF MASCULINITY
Men unsure which role to fulfil
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EDGELL (1980)
MC couples - men had majority of control in decision making (house, finance, car), women control childcare, interior design, food
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PAHL
Men had major control over money, but women control money in MC relationships where women earn more
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DUNNE (1999)
Fair domestic division of labour achieved in lesbian households
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DOBASH & DOBASH
Women more likely to be victims of domestic abuse
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COUNCIL OF EUROPE RESEARCH (2001)
1 in 4 women experience domestic violence in a lifetime
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ARIES
Childhood = SOCIALLY CONSTRUCTED, didn't exist in Middle Ages, traditionally children were MINI ADULTS but now families are CHILD-CENTRED
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CHILD SUPPORT ACT (2000)
Ensured absent parents contributed financially
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EDUCATION ACT (1870)
Made education compulsory
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CHILDREN'S ACT (1989)
Allocated a duty of care to family to ensure children are safe
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FACTORY ACT (1833)
Restricted child labour in factories
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SEXUAL OFFENCES ACT (2003)
Made the age of consent in England and Wales 16, regardless of sexual orientation or gender
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FUNCTIONALIST VIEW
MARCH OF PROGRESS (changes to fit society's needs), crucial to socialise children into useful members of society
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MARXIST VIEW
Supports capitalism: creates next generation of workers
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BOCOCK (1993)
Childhood supports capitalist goals (creates new consumers, market aimed at kids)
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POSTMODERNIST VIEW
Childhood is changing
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POSTMAN (1994)
Childhood is disappearing with increasing media exposure so kids no longer as reliant on parents
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'PESTER POWER'
Children demand more from parents
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PALMER (2006)
'TOXIC CHILDHOOD': Unhappiness in childhood, increase in ADHD, substance abuse & self-harm
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BROOKS (2001)
Parents are more obsessed with safety
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GARROD (2003)
State prevent babies from being born into 'high risk families'
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DERMOTT (2003)
Fathers sought 'INTIMATE FATHERING', wanting emotional openness & a close relationship
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THOMPSON ET AL (2005)
Only 39% fathers saw 'breadwinner' as important, 80% happy to stay home to look after kids, 65% thought women naturally better at childcare
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EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES COMMISSION (2002)
Men lacked confidence in their caring skills
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HATTER ET AL, EOC (2002)
ENFORCER dad, ENTERTAINER dad, USEFUL dad, FULLY INVOLVED dad
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MATERNITY LEAVE
Mothers get up to 52 paid weeks maternity leave
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PATERNITY LEAVE
Fathers get up to 2 paid weeks paternity leave
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CHILD CUSTODY
Mothers receive sole custody in 71% of cases, fathers gain sole custody in 7% of cases & joint custody is received in 21% of cases
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FATHERS FOR JUSTICE
Campaign group for equal rights
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Shared roles

Back

JOINT CONJUGAL ROLES

Card 3

Front

Husband = INSTRUMENTAL, Wife = EXPRESSIVE

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Families became SYMMETRICAL in 70s

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

77 hours housework per week, men do a few tasks to qualify as 'joint roles'

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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