Role of Education in Society

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How does the education system produce social solidarity?
It transmits society's beliefs and values from generations. School acts as 'society in miniature' and prepares children for society.
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What does Durkheim think are the two roles of education?
Social solidarity and specialist skills.
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What are the different standards in family and society according to Parsons?
In the family, children are judged by particularistic standards (rules that apply to the particular child). Society just us by the same universalistic standards.
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What are some criticisms of the functionalist theory?
Education system does not teach specialist skills adequately. Achievement is influenced by class not ability. New Right say that education fails to prepare children for work.
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What are the similarities between the functionalist and new right view on education?
Both believe some people are more talented. Both favour an education system run on meritocracy. Both believe education should socialise children into society's values.
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What do the New Right think about the education system?
State education systems take a 'one size fits all' approach and disregards local needs. This results in lower standards of achievement for pupils and a less qualified workforce. The solution to this is the 'marketisation of education'.
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What are the roles the state should play in education according to the new right?
The state imposes a framework for schools (e.g. OFSTED) and they ensure schools transmit a shared culture (e.g national curriculum).
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What are the criticisms of the New Right view?
The real cause of low educational standards is the lack of state funding. Contradiction between parent choice and the national curriculum.
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What is the two class system described by Marx?
The bourgeoisie are the employers that make their profits by exploiting the labour of the lower class. The proletariat are forced to sell their means of labour because they have no source of income of their own.
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What are the two state apparatuses?
Repressive state apparatuses - Maintain the rule of bourgeosie by the threat of it (e.g. police). Ideological state apparatuses - Control peoples' beliefs (e.g. media).
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What is the correspondence principle?
Parallels between schools and the workplace. For example, wearing uniform.
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What is the hidden curriculum?
Lessons that are taught in school without being directly taught.
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Why is the education system a 'giant myth-making machine'?
Education promotes the 'myth of meritocracy'. Bowles and Gintis argue that meritocracy does not exist and the main factor that affects achievement in class.
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What are the criticisms of the Marxist view on education?
Postmodernists argue that schools produce diversity, not inequality. Only see class as an inequality and disregard all others.
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Card 2

Front

What does Durkheim think are the two roles of education?

Back

Social solidarity and specialist skills.

Card 3

Front

What are the different standards in family and society according to Parsons?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are some criticisms of the functionalist theory?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are the similarities between the functionalist and new right view on education?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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