Rivers and Coasts Definitions

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: 10Odavies
  • Created on: 30-09-14 17:40
Water turning into water vapour.
1 of 52
The sum of evaporation from the Earth's surface together with the transpiration of plants.
2 of 52
Groundwater Flow
Movement of water underground.
3 of 52
Seeping of water into soil.
4 of 52
Collection of water by vegetation.
5 of 52
moisture that falls from the atmosphere in any form.
6 of 52
Surface runoff
All water flowing on the Earth's surface.
7 of 52
Capable of existing long-term.
8 of 52
Movement of water through soil.
9 of 52
Loss of moisture from plants.
10 of 52
Water Table
The upper level of underground water.
11 of 52
Larger particles moved along a river bed.
12 of 52
The wearing away and removal of rocks by the action of water, wind or ice.
13 of 52
The continued freezing and thawing of moisture in rocks that will eventually cause them to break.
14 of 52
Breaking up of rocks by the action of weather, plants, animals and chemical processes.
15 of 52
Electricity produced by flowing water.
16 of 52
Lateral Erosion
Erosion on the sides of a valley.
17 of 52
Vertical Erosion
Downward erosion of a river bed.
18 of 52
Where a river breaks into many distributaries before it reaches the sea.
19 of 52
Tidal part of a river mouth.
20 of 52
Flood plain
Flat area next to a river that is liable to flood.
21 of 52
Large bends in a river.
22 of 52
Reclaimed land
Land that has been drained so that it can be used for development.
23 of 52
The volume of water in a river passing a certain point in a given time, measured in cumecs (cubic metres per second)
24 of 52
A surface that does not allow water to pass through it.
25 of 52
A surface that allows water to pass through it.
26 of 52
Artificial watering of the land.
27 of 52
Annual period of heavy rainfall in Asia.
28 of 52
Storm Surge
Extreme storm waves created by strong winds and low pressure, leading to higher sea levels and flooding.
29 of 52
Hard Engineering
Use of concrete barriers to control water.
30 of 52
Catchment Flood Management Plans (CFMPs)
Plans setting out strategies to reduce flood risks in a river basin over 50-100 years.
31 of 52
The nature and structure of rocks.
32 of 52
Marine Erosion
The wearing away of rocks by the action of the sea.
33 of 52
Sub-aerial processes
Processes active on the face and top of cliffs.
34 of 52
The movement of water down a beach by the action of gravity.
35 of 52
Destructive Waves
Waves that erode coastlines.
36 of 52
The force of breaking wavs moving up a beach.
37 of 52
Consolidated rock
Rock with a strong structure that is hard to break down.
38 of 52
Taking sediment from a river or sea bed.
39 of 52
Constructive Waves
Waves that build up beach material to create landforms.
40 of 52
Wooden of concrete construction built across a beach.
41 of 52
Longshore drift
The movement of material along a coastline by the action of the waves.
42 of 52
Prevailing Wind
Most frequent wind direction.
43 of 52
Nature Reserve
Area set aside to preserve plants and animals.
44 of 52
Salt Marsh
An area of tidal mudflats, partially flooded at high tide.
45 of 52
Very fine sediment deposited by flowing water.
46 of 52
Evergreen trees and shrubs growing in tropical coastal areas, whose roots trap sediment and aid beach development
47 of 52
Tidal wave caused by an underwater earthquake.
48 of 52
Beach replenishment
Building up the beach by pumping sand or shingle onto it.
49 of 52
Sustainable management.
Long-term management that does not harm people or enviroments.
50 of 52
Amenity Value
Used for recreational and leisure activities.
51 of 52
Managed Retreat
Allowing the sea to flood lowland areas.
52 of 52

Other cards in this set

Card 2


The sum of evaporation from the Earth's surface together with the transpiration of plants.



Card 3


Movement of water underground.


Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4


Seeping of water into soil.


Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5


Collection of water by vegetation.


Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Rivers and Coasts resources »