Drainage Basin Key Words

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evaporation
the process by which water is transformed into water vapour which is a gas. usually takes place by from the energy form the sun heating the water.
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evaportanspiration
the total amount of moisture removed by evaporation and transpiration from a vegetated land surface
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groundwater flow
the slowest transfer of water in the drainage basin. it flows at a slow but steady rate through bands of sedimentary rock
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infiltration
the passage of water into the soil. it is quick at the beginning of a storm when the ground is dry, but slows down when the ground is saturated
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interception
the process in which rain drops are prevented from directly reaching the soil
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percolation
the downward movement of water within the rock under the soil surface
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precipitation
water in any form which falls form the earths atmosphere to the surface of the earth
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runoff
all the water that enters a rive and eventually flows out of a drainage basin
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stemflow
the water that runs down the stems and brances of plants and trees during and after rain to reach the ground. it takes place after interception has occured
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throughfall
the water that drips off the leaves during a rainstorm
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throughflow
the water that moves downslope through the subsoil, pulled by gravity
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

the total amount of moisture removed by evaporation and transpiration from a vegetated land surface

Back

evaportanspiration

Card 3

Front

the slowest transfer of water in the drainage basin. it flows at a slow but steady rate through bands of sedimentary rock

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

the passage of water into the soil. it is quick at the beginning of a storm when the ground is dry, but slows down when the ground is saturated

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

the process in which rain drops are prevented from directly reaching the soil

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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