Right Realist solutions to crime

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1. How do Marxists and Left Realists evaluate SCP?

  • SCP ignores root causes of crime - poverty and inquality
  • SCP will create new type of social inequality - the poor are main targets of crime whereas m/c can afford good security, ignores white collar & corportate & state crimes which are more costly to society
  • Question the rational nature of street crime as most violent crime is due to drugs or alcohol, use of surveliance may be a problem as camera opperators hold same values as police officers so overfocus on young males - how police&courts see it
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2. What is Matthews evaluation of Wilson?

  • Influencital as zero tolerance policing taken up in USA only so cant aply to UK, little evidence that toleranting invicilities led to increase in crime, other way round
  • Influencital as zero tolerance policing taken up in UK & USA, little evidence that tolerating invicilities led to increase in crime, other way round
  • Influencital as zero tolerance policing taken up in UK, no evidence that tolerating invicilities led to increase in crime, other way round

3. What is the evaluation of retributive justice and who says em?

  • Garland - supported by more than 90% of prisoners reoffend / Braithwaite (Interactionist) - disintegrative shaming is bad as stigmatises studies show exoffenders cant reintegrate as label too powerful (master status), rejection stops reoffending
  • Garland - undermined by more than 60% of prisoners reoffend / Braithwaite (Interactionist) - disintegrative shaming is bad as stigmatises studies show exoffenders cant reintegrate as label too powerful (master status), rejection casuses reoffending
  • Braithwaite - undermined by more than 60% of prisoners reoffend / Garland (Interactionist) - disintegrative shaming is bad as stigmatises studies show exoffenders cant reintegrate as label too powerful (master status), rejection casuses reoffending

4. What does Wilson believe about crime?

  • Not due to poverty as 60's USA had major anti-poverty schemes but had increase in crime, many poor people (old&sick) dont commit crime so povety isnt cause
  • Due to poverty as 60's USA had major poverty and had increase in crime, few poor people (old&sick) dont commit crime so povety is cause
  • Not just due to poverty as 60's USA had major anti-poverty schemes but had increase in crime, many poor people (old&sick) dont commit crime so povety isnt only cause

5. Where is broken windows liekly to occur?

  • If little sense of community or neighbourhood as formal controls are strong but inofrmal social controls are weak, poeple feel scared, move away, police target more serious crime
  • If little sense of community or neighbourhood as both formal and inofrmal social controls are weak, poeple feel scared, move away, police target more serious crime
  • If large sense of community or neighbourhood only the small crimes (incivilities) go unchallenged, poeple feel scared, move away, police target more serious crime

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