Right Realist solutions to crime

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1. What is the SCP solution?

  • Situational Crime Prevention - reducing oppurtunities for crime, encurages potential victims to make themselves harder targets using security, more chance of being caught, deters criminals
  • Social Crime Prevention - reducing oppurtunities for crime, encurages potential victims to make themselves harder targets using security, more chance of being caught, deters criminals
  • Security Crime Prevention - Increasing oppurtunities for crime, encourages potential criminals to make themselves easy targets using security, more chance of being caught, deters criminals
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2. How else might SCP be evaluated?

  • Question the rational nature of street crime as most violent crime is due to drugs or alcohol, use of surveliance may be a problem as camera opperators hold same values as police officers so overfocus on young males - how police&courts see it
  • It has too much evidence so is suspicious
  • Question the irrational nature of street crime as most violent crime is due to choosing drugs or alcohol, use of surveliance maybe a problem as camera opperators hold same values as police officers so overfocus on young males-how police&courts see it

3. What is the evaluation of retributive justice and who says em?

  • Garland - undermined by more than 60% of prisoners reoffend / Braithwaite (Interactionist) - disintegrative shaming is bad as stigmatises studies show exoffenders cant reintegrate as label too powerful (master status), rejection casuses reoffending
  • Braithwaite - undermined by more than 60% of prisoners reoffend / Garland (Interactionist) - disintegrative shaming is bad as stigmatises studies show exoffenders cant reintegrate as label too powerful (master status), rejection casuses reoffending
  • Garland - supported by more than 90% of prisoners reoffend / Braithwaite (Interactionist) - disintegrative shaming is bad as stigmatises studies show exoffenders cant reintegrate as label too powerful (master status), rejection stops reoffending

4. What is Reintegrative Shaming?

  • Religious community based Punishment, unpopular with ethnic minorities and media, more effective
  • Community based Punishment, unpopular with public and media, maybe more effective
  • Prison based Punishment, popular with public and media, maybe more effective

5. What are other evaluative points of retributive justice?

  • Ignores racism as cause of crime, some punishment seen as status symbol eg ASBOs, Neglects corporate deviance
  • Ignores poverty as cause of crime, some punishment seen as status symbol eg ASBOs, Neglects corporate crime
  • Ignores poverty as cause of deviance, some punishment seen as status symbol eg Life Sentence, Neglects occupational crime

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