Right Realism (New Right) explanations of crime and deviance

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1. What are the four controls (Hirschi) and how do we get them and what does it imply?

  • Individualistic, Safety valve, Rebelism - Get them as get older so younger peole have less to lose so commit more crime - Imply that youth, ethinic minorities, underclass more criminal as lack controls
  • Attachment, Commitment, Belief, Involvement - Get them as get older so younger peole have less to lose so commit more crime - Imply that youth, ethinic minorities, underclass more criminal as lack controls
  • Ritualism, Retreatism, Conformism - Get them as get older so younger peole have less to lose so commit more crime - Imply that youth, ethinic minorities, underclass more criminal as lack controls
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2. Who also disagree with underclass theory and why?

  • Rex & Tomlinson - Reject idea of subculture that is voluntarily unemployed, criminal behaviour - poverty usually caused by external factors beyond control of poor eeg global reccession, gov policies, etc
  • Charlesworth - Reject idea of subculture that is voluntarily unemployed, criminal behaviour - poverty usually caused by external factors beyond control of poor eeg global reccession, gov policies, etc
  • Rex & Charlesworth - Reject idea of subculture that is voluntarily unemployed, criminal behaviour - poverty usually caused by external factors beyond control of poor eeg global reccession, gov policies, etc

3. What is an evaluative point of underclass theory?

  • No concrete evidence for underclass, hard to study, wont admit it, Questionaries suggest poor have same values/beliefs as majority
  • Little concrete evidence for underclass, hard to study, wont admit it, Questionaries suggest poor have same values/beliefs as other minorities
  • No concrete evidence for underclass, easy to study, would admit it, Questionaries suggest poor have same values/beliefs as majority

4. Who studied a council estate and did it support underclass or not?

  • Charlesworth - Used particpant observation and conversational interviews, found poor economic conditions gad bad effect on health, many unemployeed had depression, lose of identity, few commit crime - Doesnt support it as little crime due to it
  • Rex & Timlinson - Used particpant observation and conversational interviews, found poor economic conditions gad bad effect on health, many unemployeed had depression, lose of identity, few commit crime - Doesnt support it as little crime due to it
  • Charlesworth - Used particpant observation and formal interviews, found poor economic conditions gad bad effect on health, few unemployeed had depression, lose of identity, many commit crime - Doesnt support it as little crime due to it

5. What do Wilson and Herrnstein say the act of commiting a crime depend upon?

  • Relative Deprivation, Marginalistaion & Subclutures
  • The perception of if the advantages of crime outweigh potential disadvantages
  • Your socialisation, traits and economic situation

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