Right Realism (New Right) explanations of crime and deviance

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1. What are the four controls (Hirschi) and how do we get them and what does it imply?

  • Individualistic, Safety valve, Rebelism - Get them as get older so younger peole have less to lose so commit more crime - Imply that youth, ethinic minorities, underclass more criminal as lack controls
  • Attachment, Commitment, Belief, Involvement - Get them as get older so younger peole have less to lose so commit more crime - Imply that youth, ethinic minorities, underclass more criminal as lack controls
  • Ritualism, Retreatism, Conformism - Get them as get older so younger peole have less to lose so commit more crime - Imply that youth, ethinic minorities, underclass more criminal as lack controls
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2. What is the result of the underclass's situation?

  • Young males turn to other, delinquent role models on street, gain status through crime not steady job, hate police & authority
  • Young females turn to other, delinquent role models on street, gain status through crime not housewifing, hate police & authority
  • Young males turn to other, delinquent role models on street, gain status through crime not steady job, hate families for poor socialisation

3. How does Matthews evidence critise Wilson?

  • Compared zero tolerance programmes with more liberal approaches, found little difference on impact of crime rates
  • Compared zero tolerance programmes with more liberal approaches, found alot of difference on impact of crime rates
  • Compared zero tolerance programmes with more liberal approaches, found little difference on impact of negoaiting labels

4. What is a evaluation of Control theory (Hirschi)?

  • Focuses on conformity not criminality, taught through socialisation, sometimes bonds explain deviance (loyalty to peer group or subculture), assumes shared set of values (Marxism disagrees), lack of supportive evidence
  • Focuses on criminality not conformity, taught through secondary socialisation, sometimes bonds explain crime (loyalty to peer group or gang subculture), assumes shared set of values (Marxism disagrees), lack of supportive evidence
  • Focuses on conformity not criminality, taught through primary socialisation, sometimes bonds explain deviance (loyalty to peer group or subculture), assumes shared set of norms (Marxism disagrees), lack of supportive qualitative evidence

5. What is Rational choice theory and who said it?

  • Clarke - Decision to commit crime is a choice based on a rational calculation of likely consequences, if rewards outweigh percieved costs then more likely to offend
  • Hirschi - Decision to commit crime is a choice based on a rational calculation of likely consequences, if rewards outweigh percieved costs then more likely to offend
  • Clarke - Decision to commit crime is a choice based on a irrational want for thrils in the moment, if rewards outweigh techniques of neutralisation then more likely to offend

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