Right Realism (New Right) explanations of crime and deviance

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1. What is an evaluation of Rational choice theory (Clarke)

  • Right realism over-states the rationality of criminals - many crimes not result of rational decisions (eg violent crime)
  • Right realism over-states the irrationality of criminals - many crimes are result of rational decisions (eg corporate crime)
  • Right realism over-states the rationality of victims - many victims cant remember exactly what took place or how to better prevent it (eg when drunk)
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2. What is a evaluation of Control theory (Hirschi)?

  • Focuses on conformity not criminality, taught through primary socialisation, sometimes bonds explain deviance (loyalty to peer group or subculture), assumes shared set of norms (Marxism disagrees), lack of supportive qualitative evidence
  • Focuses on conformity not criminality, taught through socialisation, sometimes bonds explain deviance (loyalty to peer group or subculture), assumes shared set of values (Marxism disagrees), lack of supportive evidence
  • Focuses on criminality not conformity, taught through secondary socialisation, sometimes bonds explain crime (loyalty to peer group or gang subculture), assumes shared set of values (Marxism disagrees), lack of supportive evidence

3. What do Wilson and Herrnstein say the act of commiting a crime depend upon?

  • Relative Deprivation, Marginalistaion & Subclutures
  • The perception of if the advantages of crime outweigh potential disadvantages
  • Your socialisation, traits and economic situation

4. Who also disagree with underclass theory and why?

  • Rex & Charlesworth - Reject idea of subculture that is voluntarily unemployed, criminal behaviour - poverty usually caused by external factors beyond control of poor eeg global reccession, gov policies, etc
  • Rex & Tomlinson - Reject idea of subculture that is voluntarily unemployed, criminal behaviour - poverty usually caused by external factors beyond control of poor eeg global reccession, gov policies, etc
  • Charlesworth - Reject idea of subculture that is voluntarily unemployed, criminal behaviour - poverty usually caused by external factors beyond control of poor eeg global reccession, gov policies, etc

5. Which New right sociologisr suggests a class below w/c and what is it?

  • Murray - The underclass (deviant and criminal values, spread to children via socialisation)
  • Marsland - The underclass (deviant and criminal values, spread to children via socialisation)
  • Murray - The topclass (rich deviant and criminal values, spread to children via socialisation)

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