Right Realism (New Right) explanations of crime and deviance

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1. What is Rational choice theory and who said it?

  • Clarke - Decision to commit crime is a choice based on a irrational want for thrils in the moment, if rewards outweigh techniques of neutralisation then more likely to offend
  • Clarke - Decision to commit crime is a choice based on a rational calculation of likely consequences, if rewards outweigh percieved costs then more likely to offend
  • Hirschi - Decision to commit crime is a choice based on a rational calculation of likely consequences, if rewards outweigh percieved costs then more likely to offend
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2. What is the result of the underclass's situation?

  • Young males turn to other, delinquent role models on street, gain status through crime not steady job, hate families for poor socialisation
  • Young males turn to other, delinquent role models on street, gain status through crime not steady job, hate police & authority
  • Young females turn to other, delinquent role models on street, gain status through crime not housewifing, hate police & authority

3. What did Wilson and Herrnstein say about crime?

  • It is inevitable. Jones - More liekly to commit crime if not socialised into acceptable behaviour, certain traits (impulsiveness, no empathy, etc) in more criminals, families with low intelligence dont socialise right so more criminals
  • It is inevitable. Wilson - More liekly to commit crime if not socialised into acceptable behaviour, certain traits (impulsiveness, no empathy, etc) in more criminals, families with low intelligence dont socialise right so more criminals
  • It is inevitable. Herrnstein - More liekly to commit crime if not socialised into acceptable behaviour, certain traits (impulsiveness, no empathy, etc) in more criminals, families with low intelligence dont socialise right so more criminals

4. As an evalutaion of WIlson - What are right realists accused of failing to theorise the causes of what?

  • Causes of offending and evidence suggests high reoffending rates among offenders who experienced hard line approaches, ignore impact of stratification &poverty on offending rates, accept stats as valid
  • Causes of reoffending and evidence suggests high reoffending rates among offenders who experienced hard line approaches
  • Causes of offending and evidence suggests high reoffending rates among offenders who experienced easy approaches like restorative justice

5. Which New Right thinks something is resdponsible for the development of the underclass and what is it?

  • Marsland - Welfare dependency (undermined sense of commitement and obligation to support each other, prefer benefits to work)
  • Murrray - Welfare dependency (undermined sense of commitement and obligation to support each other, prefer benefits to work)
  • Marsland - Employers not hiring w/c people in inner cities (undermined sense of commitement and obligation to support each other, prefer m/c to w/c)

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