Right Realism (New Right) explanations of crime and deviance

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1. What is the result of the underclass's situation?

  • Young males turn to other, delinquent role models on street, gain status through crime not steady job, hate police & authority
  • Young females turn to other, delinquent role models on street, gain status through crime not housewifing, hate police & authority
  • Young males turn to other, delinquent role models on street, gain status through crime not steady job, hate families for poor socialisation
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2. Who evaluates Wilson and how?

  • Cohen - Other factors like lack of investment more important than penalties, focus on minor offences means serious crimes go unchecked, criminals just move to different neighbourhood
  • Jones - Other factors like lack of investment more important than penalties, focus on minor offences means serious crimes go unchecked, criminals just move to different neighbourhood
  • Matthews - Other factors like lack of investment more important than penalties, focus on minor offences means serious crimes go unchecked, criminals just move to different neighbourhood

3. Which New Right thinks something is resdponsible for the development of the underclass and what is it?

  • Marsland - Employers not hiring w/c people in inner cities (undermined sense of commitement and obligation to support each other, prefer m/c to w/c)
  • Marsland - Welfare dependency (undermined sense of commitement and obligation to support each other, prefer benefits to work)
  • Murrray - Welfare dependency (undermined sense of commitement and obligation to support each other, prefer benefits to work)

4. What is a evaluation of Control theory (Hirschi)?

  • Focuses on conformity not criminality, taught through primary socialisation, sometimes bonds explain deviance (loyalty to peer group or subculture), assumes shared set of norms (Marxism disagrees), lack of supportive qualitative evidence
  • Focuses on conformity not criminality, taught through socialisation, sometimes bonds explain deviance (loyalty to peer group or subculture), assumes shared set of values (Marxism disagrees), lack of supportive evidence
  • Focuses on criminality not conformity, taught through secondary socialisation, sometimes bonds explain crime (loyalty to peer group or gang subculture), assumes shared set of values (Marxism disagrees), lack of supportive evidence

5. What is control theory and who said it?

  • Hirschi - Most people dont commit crime as have four controls in their lives that make the costs of punishment more than rewards (economic and personal gain)
  • Merton - Most people dont commit crime as have four controls in their lives that make the costs of punishment more than rewards (economic and personal gain)
  • Clarke - Most people dont commit crime as have four controls in their lives that make the costs of punishment more than rewards (economic and personal gain)

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