Right Realism (New Right) explanations of crime and deviance

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1. What are the four controls (Hirschi) and how do we get them and what does it imply?

  • Individualistic, Safety valve, Rebelism - Get them as get older so younger peole have less to lose so commit more crime - Imply that youth, ethinic minorities, underclass more criminal as lack controls
  • Attachment, Commitment, Belief, Involvement - Get them as get older so younger peole have less to lose so commit more crime - Imply that youth, ethinic minorities, underclass more criminal as lack controls
  • Ritualism, Retreatism, Conformism - Get them as get older so younger peole have less to lose so commit more crime - Imply that youth, ethinic minorities, underclass more criminal as lack controls
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2. Which Right Realists' explanation is callled 'Broken windows' and why?

  • Wilson - More crime when social control breaks down, incivilities (liter, vandalism) are kept low by others reaction, once that stops serious crime takes over - once one broken window in abandoned building, they all are
  • Herrnstein - More crime when social control breaks down, incivilities (liter, vandalism) are kept low by others reaction, once that stops serious crime takes over - once one broken window in abandoned building, they all are
  • Jones - More crime when social control breaks down, incivilities (liter, vandalism) are kept low by others reaction, once that stops serious crime takes over - once one broken window in abandoned building, they all are

3. Who evaluates Wilson and how?

  • Cohen - Other factors like lack of investment more important than penalties, focus on minor offences means serious crimes go unchecked, criminals just move to different neighbourhood
  • Jones - Other factors like lack of investment more important than penalties, focus on minor offences means serious crimes go unchecked, criminals just move to different neighbourhood
  • Matthews - Other factors like lack of investment more important than penalties, focus on minor offences means serious crimes go unchecked, criminals just move to different neighbourhood

4. What is an evaluative point of underclass theory?

  • No concrete evidence for underclass, hard to study, wont admit it, Questionaries suggest poor have same values/beliefs as majority
  • Little concrete evidence for underclass, hard to study, wont admit it, Questionaries suggest poor have same values/beliefs as other minorities
  • No concrete evidence for underclass, easy to study, would admit it, Questionaries suggest poor have same values/beliefs as majority

5. What was Wilson's conclusion?

  • Police have crucial role to play in restoring balance of incilivities & helping to recreate community. More law enforcement, less order maintenance (stop noisy youths, etc), change view of whats acceptable, make public spaces feel safe
  • Police have crucial role to play in restoring balance of incilivities & helping to recreate community. Less law enforcement, more order maintenance (stop noisy youths, etc), change view of whats acceptable, make public spaces feel safe
  • Courts have crucial role to play in restoring balance of incilivities & helping to recreate community. Less law enforcement, more order maintenance (stop noisy youths, etc), change view of whats acceptable, make public spaces feel safe

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