Revolt of the northern Earls

When did the Revolt of the Northern Earls happen?
1569-1570
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Who were still committed Catholics?
Many Northern nobles
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What did they want?
Restore Catholicism under a Catholic monarch
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What gave them hope for this to happen?
Mary arrived in England & hoped that she would replace Elizabeth.
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Why did the North dislike Elizabeth?
Because she reduced their power and increased her power instead
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Who was the Duke of Norfolk?
Wealthiest landowner in England
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What did he plan to do?
Marry Mary Queen of Scotts
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What did Norfolk object?
William Cecil's increase in power
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What did Norfolk want to increase?
Influence of Catholics in court
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Who supported this plan?
Catholic nobles, Earls of Northumberland and Westmoreland
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Why did they support him?
Because it meant that Elizabeth would be succeeded by a Catholic queen
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What happened when the plan was uncovered?
Earls feared execution
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What did they do as a result?
Rebelled and tried to overthrow Elizabeth
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What did Spain say they would do but didn't?
Provide troops
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What did Elizabeth do?
She sent a huge army to crush the rebellion
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What happened to Northumberland?
He was executed in 1572
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What happened to Duke of Norfolk and Westmoreland?
They fled to Scotland
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What was the significance of the revolt?
Elizabeth was more popular with many Catholics and there was no desire to remove her
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Why did the revolt fail?
Because Elizabeth had a larger force
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What did Elizabeth do to punish the rebels?
Confiscated some land from the rebels and execute 600 of them
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Who were still committed Catholics?

Back

Many Northern nobles

Card 3

Front

What did they want?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What gave them hope for this to happen?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why did the North dislike Elizabeth?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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