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When was the first child crime investigation dealt with?
1815
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What does 'Doli Incapax' mean?
Child is not legally responsible for the crime committed
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What two main acts shaped Youth Crime today?
1989 Child Act + 1998 - The New Youth Justice Act
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When was James Bulger murdered?
1993
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Which government came forward to address such a problem?
New Labour
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What were the criticisms of the system prior?
Costly, Ineffective and Insufficent
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What document claimed these problems?
No More Excuses, a new Approach
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What did the paper argue?
No more excuses for offenders and practitioners
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What were Cohen's Assumptions of Youth?
Attitudes later become fixed in life + o Brake in Adult Dependence leads to rebellion + o Young people in Industrialized areas suffer difficulty
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Who claimed biology was the reasoning for crime?
Lombrosso (Positivist)
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What did Shaw say for the argument?
The closer to the city you are, the more crimes you will commit
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Who argued different crime differed from different areas?
Quetelet (Positivst)
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What did the Marxist point of view argue?
Crime is class based and youths from disadvantaged backgrounds were bound to commit such a crime
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What was the 1800s view on Crime?
Rehabilitation
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What was the 1960s view of crime?
Punishment
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What is today's view?
Rehabilitation and Punishment
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Where was the James Bulger case similar?
Trondheim
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How much did Finland reduce youth Crime?
90%
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What did Goldson weigh into the argument?
Completely incompetent and the history of political intervention hasn't helped the matter
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Who argued Labour contradicted their own ideology and in reality haven't achieved anything?
Gelsthorpe and Morris
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What has changed with the New Youth Justice?
Want of Education + Want of Employment + Inadequate State of Parenting
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What did the Crime and Disorder 1998 act introduce?
ASBO + Parenting Order + Referral Order
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What does 'Doli Incapax' mean?

Back

Child is not legally responsible for the crime committed

Card 3

Front

What two main acts shaped Youth Crime today?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

When was James Bulger murdered?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Which government came forward to address such a problem?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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