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  • Created by: Anmol1942
  • Created on: 13-03-16 13:07
What is the name of the 5 food groups and their functions?
Carbohydrates- To release energy Fats- To release energy. Proteins- Cell replacement and cell growth. Fibre- To keep everything running smoothly. Vitamins/Minerals- Keep everything healthy
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What is the name for someone who has an unbalanced diet?
Malnourished
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What can malnourished lead to?
Being overweight/underweight. Lead to deficiency diseases such as type 2 diabetes
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What is Metabolic Rate?
The speed at which chemical reactions take place in your body
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What can metabolic rate be affected by and give an example?
Inherited Factors, for example increased cholesterol levels
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What is a pathogen?
A disease causing micro-organism
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What do White blood cells do to help protect against a pathogen?
Engulf/digest pathogen. Produce antibodies, which destroy the particular Virus/Bacteria. Produce Antitoxins which counteract toxins produced by the pathogen
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Define the term vaccination?
When a small dead/inactive disease is injected into your body, which stimulates the release of white blood cells to produce antibodies which fights the pathogen
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What did Semmelweiss do?
He recognized the importance of handwashing and made nurses wash their hands before and after dealing with patients, this reduced the number of deaths
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What is a painkiller?
A medicine which helps relieve symptoms of disease but doesn't kill the pathogen
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Why can't antibiotics be used to kill Viruses?
Because Viruses they reproduce and live inside the cells
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How does and antibiotic become resistant?
By overuse and inappropriate uses
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What is a MMR vaccine?
Treats children against Measles,Mumps and Rubella
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What does a Virus do?
Replicates itself, invades your cells and make copies of itself
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What does bacteria do?
Make you feel ill by damaging your cells and producing toxins
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Name the 4 receptors and what they are sensitive to?
Eye- Light. Ears- Sound. Tongue- Chemicals. Skin- Touch
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What is a reflex Action?
Automatic and involuntary move
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What is a hormone?
It is secreted by glands and are usually transported to their target organs via the bloodstream
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Describe the function of FSH?
Found in Pituitary Gland, causes egg to mature in ovaries and stimulates release of egg from ovary
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Describe the function of LH?
Stimulates release of egg from ovary
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Describe the function of Oestrogen?
Found in ovaries and furthers the release of FSH
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What is an oral contraceptive?
May contain oestrogen and progesterone to inhibit egg maturation
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What are statins used for?
To lower the risk of heart disease
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Describe the drug Thalidomide?
Originally developed as sleeping pill, but was also seen to be effective in relieving morning sickness in pregnant women, Thalidomide hadn't been tested on pregnant women before, unfortunately the babies would be born with severe limb abnormalities
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Define the word Drug?
A change in the chemical processes that happen in peoples bodies so they become addicted to the drug which leads to withdrawal symptoms
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What is recreational drugs?
Drugs done for enjoyment
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What is a gateway drug?
Drugs that bring you into contact with other drug dealers.
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In genetic Variation what does the nucleus contain?
Chromosomes
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What is sexual reproduction?
The joining in male and female gametes, the mixture of the genetic information from 2 parents leads to a variety in offspring
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What is Asexual reproduction?
No joining of gametes, only one parent needed
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describe tissue culture?
Using small groups of cells from part of a plant
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What is an embryo transplant?
Splitting apart cells from developing animal embryo before they become specialised
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Card 2

Front

What is the name for someone who has an unbalanced diet?

Back

Malnourished

Card 3

Front

What can malnourished lead to?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is Metabolic Rate?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What can metabolic rate be affected by and give an example?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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