Retrieval failure

who established the Encoding Specificity principle?
Tulving and Thompson (1973)
1 of 18
Who investigated relative cues?
Tulving and Pearlstone (1966)
2 of 18
how many categories did Tulving and Pearlstone use?
12
3 of 18
how many words did Tulving and Pearlstone use?
48
4 of 18
what was the Tulving and Pearlstone free recall percentage?
40%
5 of 18
what was the Tulving and Pearlstone cued recall percentage?
60%
6 of 18
Who studied context dependent forgetting in 1940?
Abernethy
7 of 18
What did Abernethy change in each test condition?
the 4 possible same/different combinations of the t room and the teacher.
8 of 18
In which condition did students get the best results?
Familiar room, Familiar teacher
9 of 18
what amomaly was there in Abernethy's study?
superior students were least affected by these context conditions
10 of 18
which study involved the recall of divers above and under water?
Goddon and Baddelley (1975)
11 of 18
If a diver learns information on land and struggles to recall it under water what is this type of forgetting?
context dependent
12 of 18
in Goodwin's 1969 study how roaring drunk were the PPs?
3x that of the UK drink driving limit
13 of 18
how long did Goodwibn wait between ****-ups?
24 hours
14 of 18
There is a lot of research support: which different types were there?
Lab, field and natural experiments.
15 of 18
what did Smith (1979) show
Mental reinstatment = thinking of the room in which info was learnt is a good enough cue
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what did Smith and Vela (2001) develop?
The 'Outshining hypothesis' a cues effectiveness is reduced by the presence of better cues
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what else did the outshining hypothesis outline
context effects are eliminated when learning meaningful material
18 of 18

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Who investigated relative cues?

Back

Tulving and Pearlstone (1966)

Card 3

Front

how many categories did Tulving and Pearlstone use?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

how many words did Tulving and Pearlstone use?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what was the Tulving and Pearlstone free recall percentage?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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