Restoration England

  • Created by: Kati.e_x
  • Created on: 04-04-18 17:03
When was Charles I executed?
1649
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When did Oliver Cromwell rule?
1649-1658
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When was Charles II restored to the throne?
1660
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When did Charles II die?
1685
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When was Declaration of Breda and what was it?
1660- Peace for the kingdom, promise to listen to parliament, promise of indemnity, toleration for peaceful beliefs, dispute over land decided by parliament.
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When was Declaration of indulgence and what was it?
1662- Charles attempted to extend his leanians to Catholics and non conformists
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When was the Clarendon code and what was it?
1662-65- scenes of parliament acts that showed the power of The Church of England
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What year was the Declaration of indulgence re instated?
1672
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What year was the test act and what was it?
1673- banned all Catholics from having civil rights and a say
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When did the second Anglo Dutch end?
1674
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When and what was the popish plot?
1678- conspiracy concocted by Titus Oatus that the Catholics wanted to kill the King
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What does "Jesuit" mean?
Roman Catholic missionary who did charitable acts, counter reformation (getting people to turn back to catholic)
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What was a absolute monarch?
One ruler who has supreme authority, not restricted by any written law or parliament
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What is meant by "depose" ?
Remove from office suddenly and forcefully
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What is a Clergy?
The body of people ordained for religious duties ( priests)
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What was Press ganging?
Body of men employed to enlist men forcibly into service in the army or navy
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Who was Aphra Behn?
She came from a poor background and earned her living from play writes
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Who was Nell Gwyn?
She became an actress and started an affair with Charles II in 1668 which continued until his death
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Who was Thomas Betterton?
Played a number of lead roles, was popular with the king
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What two houses was parliament made up of?
House of Commons- through elections, House of Lords- came from Chruch of England
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When was the Great Plauge?
1665-1666
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When and what was the Rye House Plot?
1683- plotters wanted to kill Charles and James(his brother) when they were on the way back from the races as they passed Rye House, plan failed
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When was the rule without parliament?
1681-1685
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Who was Samual Pepys?
He was a member of parliament and administrator to the English navy.
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Who was Christopher Wren?
Was a architect, great fire of London was a bug opportunity for him, he wanted to rebuild everything
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What did "Mercantilists" believe?
Countries competed for a fixed amount of global trade. Countries could only become wealthy if they exported more than they imported
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Definition of Monopoly?
Possession of the supply of trade. Exclusive possession or control of the supply of or trade in commodity
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What and when was the Corporation act?
1661-Everyone holding public office had to swear on an oath of allegiance to the crown and the Church of England
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What and when was The act of uniformity?
1662-The Anglican book of common prayer had to be used in all services- only Anglicanism was acceptable
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When and what was The licensing of the press act?
1662- Limiting the freedom to publish anything that challenged the Church of England
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When and what was the Coventicle Act?
1664-Other than Anglican ones, no religious meeting could involve more than 5 people
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When and what was The five mile act?
1665- Non conformist clergy cold not go within 5 miles of their parish
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Cavalier parliament?
Lasted 18 years 1661-1679, divided into 3 sections: The Clarendon ministry (1661-67) , The Cabal ministry(1667-73) , The Danby ministry(1673-79)
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What years was the succession issue and what parliaments did it include?
1679-1681. The habeas corpus parliament, The exclusion parliment, The Oxford parliment.
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When and what was the Habeas Corpus parliment?
1679- the exclusion of James duke of York from the throne, first time Shaftesbury introduced the exclusion bill.
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When and what was the Exclusion parliament?
1679-81. Money would be given to the King only if a second exclusion bill was passed but parliment was dissolved before it would be passed
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What and when was the Oxford parliment ?
1681- a final attempt was made to pass the exclusion bill
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When did Oliver Cromwell rule?

Back

1649-1658

Card 3

Front

When was Charles II restored to the throne?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

When did Charles II die?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When was Declaration of Breda and what was it?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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