respiration 12.1-12.4

where does glycolysis occur
In the cytoplasm
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what is the first stage of glycolysis
phosphorylation of glucose to glucose phosphate using ATP
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what is the second stage of glycolysis
triose phospate produce
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what is the third stage of glycolysis
triose phosphate oxidised to pyruvate with a net gain of ATP and reduced NADP
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what happens when triose phosphate is oxdised
hydrogen removed and transferred to a hydrogen carrier molecule
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if respiration anaerobic pyruvate can be converted into lactate using...
reduced NAD
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what can this compound do to glycolysis
can be used in further glycolysis
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pyruvate is oxidised to acetate producing what
Reduced NAD
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what happens to acetate in the link reaction
It combines with coenzyme A to make acetylcoenzyme A
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Acetylcoenzyme A reacts with what and produces what when entering the Krebs cycle
reacts with a 4 carbon molecule releasing coenzyme A and making a 6 carbon molecule that enters Krebs cycle
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what does the krebs cycle generate
reduced coenzymes and ATP
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how is the coenzymes and ATP made
substrate level phosphorylation
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what is oxidative phosphorylation associated with
The transfer of electrons down the electron transfer chain
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what do the protons move over in oxidative phosphorylation
it is the passage of protons across inner mitochondrial membrane
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what is this catalysed by
ATP synthase
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the hydrogen atoms made during glycolysis and krebs produce what coenzymes
NAD and FAD
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what do the two coenzymes donate their electrons to
first molecule in the electron transport chain.
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other than sugar what may also be used as an alternative respiratory substrate
lipids and amino acids
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Card 2

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what is the first stage of glycolysis

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phosphorylation of glucose to glucose phosphate using ATP

Card 3

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what is the second stage of glycolysis

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Card 4

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what is the third stage of glycolysis

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Card 5

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what happens when triose phosphate is oxdised

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