Resistance to Social Influence

What can help people resist conformity?
Social support- if others are not conforming the pressure to conform is reduced
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What did Asch's experiment show if the dissenter began conforming again?
Ppt. also started to conform again
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What can help people resist obedience?
Social support
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Why did obedience levels in Milgram's study drop when a dissenter was added?
They disobeyed and therefore reduced the pressure on the ppt. to obey
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What do both the non-conforming and disobedient confederates act as for the ppt?
A 'model'
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What concept concerning internal control vs. external control did Rotter propose?
Locus of Control
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What do internal people believe?
The things that happen to them are largely controlled by themselves
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What do external people believe?
Things that happen are out of their control
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What is the continuum?
People aren't simply internal or external as they differ in the way they explain their successes and failures
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What are the two ends of the continuum?
High internal LOC and High external LOC
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Who are most liekly to resist the pressure to conform or obey?
People with internal LOC- they base their decisions on their own beliefs therefore less liekly to conform or obey others
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What traits are characteristic of someone with an internal LOC?
Self-confidence, more achievement-orientated, higher intelligence, less need for social approval all of which lead to greater resistance against social influence
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What research support is there for reistance to conformity?
Psychologists found conformity decreased when there was an dissenter in an Asch-type study, even if the dissenter wore thick glasses and said he was poorly sighted
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What research support is there for reistance to obedience?
Psychologists tested the effect of dissenting ppts. and found higher levels of obedience in their study than Milgram
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What research support is there to support the link between LOC and resistance to obedience?
Psychologist repeated milgrams baseline study and measured ppts. to see if they were internal or external. 37% of internals stopped before highest voltage shock whereas only 23% of externals stopped. Therefore internals showed greater resistance
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What contradictory research is there which fails to support the link between LOC and reistance?
Psychologist analysed data from all American obedience studies over 40 year period. Over time people have become more resistant to obedience as well as more external. It is possible this is due to a changing society
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Why is the role of the LOC limited?
It has little influence over our behaviour in familiar situations where our previous experiences will always be more important
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What did Asch's experiment show if the dissenter began conforming again?

Back

Ppt. also started to conform again

Card 3

Front

What can help people resist obedience?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why did obedience levels in Milgram's study drop when a dissenter was added?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What do both the non-conforming and disobedient confederates act as for the ppt?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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