Resistance to social influence

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  • Created by: Gottowork
  • Created on: 15-05-16 15:50
What is resistance to social influence?
Refers to ability of people to withstand social pressure to conform to the majority or obey authority
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What is social support?
The presence of people who resist pressures to conform or obey can help others do the same, act as models (e.g. Asch, Milgram's three confederates, two refused to continue)
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What is locus of control, and who was it proposed by?
Rotter - sense we have about what directs events in our lives, e.g. internal - controlled by ourselves, external - happen without our control, e.g. fate. Measured on a continuum from high internal LOC to high external LOC
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How do people resist influence with the locus of control?
Internal LOC - take responsibility, resist pressures from others. More self-confident, achievement-oriented, higher intelligence etc.
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What research support for social support is there?
Resistance to conformity - Allen and Levine - conformity decreased even if dissenter wore thick glasses, had difficulty with vision. Resistance to obedience - Gamson et al. higher levels of resistance as participants in groups - 29 out of 33 rebelled
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Why is there contradictory research to the locus of control?
Twenge et al. analysed data from American obedience studies over a 40 year period - people have become more resistant to obedience but more external. If resistance linked, should be more internal
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What research support is there for locus of control?
Holland repeated Milgram's baseline, measured whether they were internals or externals. 37% internals didn't continue to highest shock level, 23% externals didn't. So internals showed greater resistance - greater validity of LOC explanation
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Card 2

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What is social support?

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The presence of people who resist pressures to conform or obey can help others do the same, act as models (e.g. Asch, Milgram's three confederates, two refused to continue)

Card 3

Front

What is locus of control, and who was it proposed by?

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Card 4

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How do people resist influence with the locus of control?

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Card 5

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What research support for social support is there?

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