A2 AQA Research Methods Quiz

I used AQA maarkschemes, Psychology A2-The complete companion student book and http://www.simplypsychology.org/science-psychology.html

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1. A directional hypothesis is also known as a..........

  • Null hypothesis
  • One-tailed hypothesis
  • Operationalised hypothesis
  • Two-tailed hypothesis
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2. What is construct validity

  • Taking another measuring instrument and measuring the same participants and comparing the 2 sets of scores/results and if they agree the measure has high validity
  • Seeing how closely the measuring instrument relates to theoretical constructs
  • Ask an expert(s) in the field to assess the measuring instrument to see if they are an accurate measure of the subject

3. What is type 1 error?

  • Where the researcher accepts the null hypothesis (or rejects the research/alternative hypothesis) when in fact the effect is due to chance as the level of significance isn't stringent enough
  • Where the researcher rejects the null hypothesis (or accepts the research/alternative hypothesis) when in fact the effect is due to chance as the level of significance isn't stringent enough
  • Where the researcher accepts the null hypothesis (or rejects the research/alternative hypothesis) when in fact the effect isn't due to chance as the level of significance is too stringent
  • Where the researcher rejects the null hypothesis (or accepts the research/alternative hypothesis) when in fact the effect isn't due to chance as the level of significance is too stringent

4. What is content validity?

  • Ask an expert(s) in the field to assess the measuring instrument to see if they are an accurate measure of the subject
  • Seeing how closely the measuring instrument relates to theoretical constructs
  • Taking another measuring instrument and measuring the same participants and comparing the 2 sets of scores/results and if they agree the measure has high validity

5. What is the purpose of an abstract?

  • Explain the study and its aim
  • To provide a short summary of the study and provide sufficient information to establish whether the report is worth reading
  • To summarise the study

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