A2 AQA Research Methods Quiz

I used AQA maarkschemes, Psychology A2-The complete companion student book and http://www.simplypsychology.org/science-psychology.html

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1. What is content validity?

  • Ask an expert(s) in the field to assess the measuring instrument to see if they are an accurate measure of the subject
  • Seeing how closely the measuring instrument relates to theoretical constructs
  • Taking another measuring instrument and measuring the same participants and comparing the 2 sets of scores/results and if they agree the measure has high validity
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2. What is repeatability?

  • Findings of a study can be replicated by other researchers at a different time
  • When all sources of bias are reduced and/or eliminated

3. A non-directional hypothesis is also known as a two-tailed hypothesis

  • True
  • False

4. What is empirical evidence?

  • Data being collected through direct observation or experiment and it doesn't rely on argument or belief
  • Idea that only source of knowledge comes from experience

5. What is type 1 error?

  • Where the researcher accepts the null hypothesis (or rejects the research/alternative hypothesis) when in fact the effect is due to chance as the level of significance isn't stringent enough
  • Where the researcher rejects the null hypothesis (or accepts the research/alternative hypothesis) when in fact the effect isn't due to chance as the level of significance is too stringent
  • Where the researcher rejects the null hypothesis (or accepts the research/alternative hypothesis) when in fact the effect is due to chance as the level of significance isn't stringent enough
  • Where the researcher accepts the null hypothesis (or rejects the research/alternative hypothesis) when in fact the effect isn't due to chance as the level of significance is too stringent

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